Mood is the form of verb that shows whether the action is factual or non-factual.
Types of Verbal Moods:
- Indicative Mood
- Imperative Mood
- Subjunctive Mood
Indicative Mood expresses facts, questions and real condition.
I do my work.
They are singing folk songs.
What do you do in the afternoon?
If it rains, we shall play the game of chess.
Imperative Mood expresses order or request. All imperative sentences are in imperative mood.
Do your work.
Sing folk songs.
Let us drop the matter here.
Let them go.
Subjunctive Mood expresses wishes, possibilities, or uncertainty. We can use subjunctive mood after a very small number of verbs: wish, want, desire, suggest, insist, recommend; after some adjectives: it is important that, it is imperative that, it is essential that; and after subordinators: if, whether, lest and on condition that.
I want he do his work.
I wish I were a child again.
The speaks as if he knew everything.
If I were you, I would go there.