Simple Present Tense

Simple Present /Present Indefinite

Look at these sentences:

(a) Bob and Micky live in London.
(b) They like each other.  
(c) Bob learns swimming.
(d) Micky helps Bob.

The verbs of the above sentences are in the simple present.


What is present simple tense?

(i) Present simple tense is the base form of verbs.

(a) Bob and Micky live in London.
(b) They like each other.  


(i) If the subject is third person singular (he/she/it), we add -s or -es to the verb.

(a) Bob learns swimming.
(b) Micky helps Bob.



FORM: 

Subject + Base Form of Verb or, Subject + -s/-es Form of Verb. 

Subject + Base Form of Verb
Subject + -s/-es Form of Verb
I love ice-creams.
He loves ice-creams.
We play cricket.
She plays cricket.
You help me.
It helps me.
They like story books.
Andy likes story books.


Use of Present Simple

Use-1: Describing Facts

We use simple present to talk about something that is true.

The sun rises in the east.
Ice floats on water.
Man is mortal.
Cats like milk.


Use-2: Repeated Action

We use present simple when we do something regularly as a habit or custom.

Bob goes to school.
Classes begin at 10 a.m. 
I play cricket.
The school bus comes at 9 a.m. every day.



REMEMBER: 

We add -S or -ES to a verb when the subject is THIRD PERSON SINGULAR (he/she/it).

Note Carefully:  -S or -ES ?

(i) If a verb ends with S, SH, Ch, Z we add -ES to the verb.

S, SH, Ch, Z
add -ES
I watch.
He watches.
They catch fish.
She catches fish.


(ii) If a verb ends with consonant + Y, we Change Y to I, then add -ES to the verb.

Consonant Y
Change to I, then add -ES
Birds fly.
A bird flies.
We try.
He tries.


(iii) If a verb ends with consonant + O, we add -ES to the verb.

Consonant + O
Add -ES
I go.
He goes.
We do.
She does.


(iv) For other verbs, we simply add -S.

I eat.
He eats.
We sleep.
She sleeps.


Remember: HAVE BE verbs have different forms for different persons. That means that you'll just have to commit them to memory!:

BE 

I am a student. 
He/She/It is perfect.
They are perfect. 


HAVE 

I have a toy. 
He/She/It has a toy.