Inversion is the reversal of the usual sequence of words in a sentence.
In normal sentence, subject comes at the beginning of the sentence; before the predicate.
Sometimes we use predicate or part of the predicate before the subject and call it inversion.
Inversion mostly happens in interrogative sentences to ask questions.
- Do you like milk?
- How are you today?
- What class are you in?
- When did it happen?
But we also need to use inversion to give emphasize. In this lesson, you are going to learn where and when we use inversions.
USE OF INVERSIONS
1. Inversions with Co-relatives:
We use inversions in sentences with co-relatives like no sooner-----than, hardly-----when, scarcely-----when, not only-----but also, etc.
- No sooner had I shut the door than the telephone rang.
- Hardly had I shut the door when the telephone rang.
- Scarcely had he entered the office when he realized that he had forgotten his wallet.
- Not only does the atmosphere give us air to breathe but also it filters out harmful rays.
2. Inversions with Adverbs/Adverbials:
Sentences with the following adverbials are always inverted:
-Seldom could she understand her fault while talking to others.
-Seldom do we have goods returned to us because they are faulty.
-Rarely are spotted frogs seen from water.
-Rarely will you see anyone using typewriters now-a-days.
-I didn't know the answer, and neither did he.
-He did not know the answer and neither did I.
-"I don't like coffee." "Neither do I."
-A: I can't ride a bike. B: Neither can I.
-My family members do not like coffee, and neither do I.
-My neighbour didn't hesitate to cooperate with the pandemic-affected people, and neither did I.
-A good number of adolescents do not socialize, nor do they build up their career.
-Only after entering the bedroom did he find the stranger.
-Only after entering the store did Arthur realize that there was a danger.
-Only after food has been dried or canned should it be stored for later consumption.
-Only then did I understand what she meant.
-Never have so many women received law degrees as today.
-Never have I understood less than men.
-Not often is a rattlesnake bite fatal today, but immediate medical attention is essential.
|In no way|
-In no way can we justify militancy.
So quickly did he run that he reached home on time.
3. Inversion with Conditionals:
We can form conditional sentences without IF. In that case, we use INVERSION.
- Had he not resigned, we would have been forced to sack him.
- Had I been rich, I would have helped the poor.
- Were I a king, I would ride on an elephant.
4. Inversion with Adjective:
-Sweet are the uses of adversity.
5. Inversion with So:
-Times have changed and so have we.
-Times have changed and so have I.
-They are engrossed in studies and so am I.
-You like chocolate and so do I.
-My half-brother visited Cox's Bazar a couple of weeks ago, and so did I.
-Rajshahi relies heavily on income from fruit crops, and so does Dinajpur.
-I can remember all their names and so can my sister.
-Kamal and his brother studied General History last year, and so did their sister.
6. Inversion with As:
-My friend loves horror novels, so do I.
7. Inversion with Here & There:
-There was a boy named Bob.
-There lived an old man in a village.
-Here comes the headmaster.