Assertive to Exclamatory

Assertive sentences declare or assert facts. They end with a period or Full Stop. Exclamatory sentences also declare facts. But they express sudden feeling or emotion. There are two big differences between assertive and exclamatory sentences. 

1. In an assertive sentence, the complement is after the verb. But in an exclamatory sentence, the complement after the finite verb often comes before the subject. 

2. An assertive sentence ends with a period or full stop. But an exclamatory sentence ends with a note of exclamation (!). 

Examples:

The day was very hot.
How hot the day was!
You are a very wise person.
What a wise person you are!


  Assertive to Exclamatory


Rule-1: Using HOW

If the assertive sentence has an adjective phrase in its predicate, we use 'How' before the adjective and write the 'How + Adjective' phrase before the subject, at the beginning of the sentence. The adverb modifying the adjective is omitted. 

Assertive: My hair grows very fast.
Exclamatory: How fast my hair grows!
Assertive: The heat was very terrible.
Exclamatory: How terrible the heat was!


Change the following assertive sentences into exclamatory. 

(a) The girl sings very sweetly. 

(b) The sight is very pathetic.  

(c) The next few days were very terrible.

(d) The crow looks very ugly.

(e) His handwriting is very clear. 


Rule-2: Using WHAT

If the assertive sentence has a noun phrase as its predicate, we use 'What' before the noun phrase and write the 'What + Noun' phrase before the subject; at the beginning of the sentence. The adverb modifying the adjective is omitted. 

Assertive: It was a very lucky day.
Exclamatory: What a lucky day it was!


Assertive: It is a very beautiful bird.
Exclamatory: What a beautiful bird it is!


Change the following sentences into exclamatory. 

(a) He leads a most unhappy life.

(b) You are a great fool.

(c) He leads a most unhappy life.

(d) The fox is a very cunning animal.

(e) A little learning is a dangerous thing. 


Rule-3: Replacing the phrase 'I WISH'

If an assertive sentence begins with 'I WISH', we replace it with ;If'.

Assertive: I wish I had the wings of a dove.
Exclamatory: If I had the wings of a dove!
Assertive: I wish I could fly in the sky.
Exclamatory: If I could fly in the sky!


Change the following sentences into exclamatory. 

(a) I wish I were young again.

(b) I wish I were a bird.

(c) I wish I had been rich.

(d) I wish I could be a child again.

(e) I wish I had the wings of a dove. 

Exclamatory to Assertive

The complement and the object after the verb of an assertive sentence comes before the subject of an exclamatory sentence. So, when you are asked to transform an exclamatory sentence into an assertive, just put the object or complement in its normal place, i.e. after the verb. Here are some rules for you:

Rule-1: HOW

If an exclamatory sentence begins with ‘How + Adjective’, we replace ‘How’ with ‘very’. The ‘very + adjective’ phrase goes after the finite verb, at the end of the sentence. 

Exclamatory: How talkative she was! 
Assertive: She was very talkative.
Exclamatory: How sweetly the cuckoo sings! 
Assertive: The cuckoo sings very sweetly.


Change the following sentences into assertive. 

(a) How fast my hair grows!

(b) How terrible the heat was!

(c) How talkative she was!

(d) How pretty the girl is!

(e) How time does fly! 


Rule-2: WHAT

If an exclamatory sentence begins with ‘What + Noun Phrase’, we replace ‘what’ with ‘very’. The noun phrase before the subject goes after the finite verb, at the end of the sentence. 

Exclamatory: What a big river the Padma is! 
Assertive: The Padma is a very big river.
Exclamatory: What a nice flower the rose is!
Assertive: The rose is a very nice flower.


Change the following sentences into assertive. 

(a) What a fool you are!

(b) What a fine flower it is!

(c) What a fool he is!

(d) What a lonely garden!

(e) What a miserable life he leads!


Rule-3: IF

If an exclamatory sentence begins with ‘If’, we replace ‘If’ with ‘I wish’.

Exclamatory: If I could be a child again! 
Assertive: I wish I could be a child again.
Exclamatory: If I were a millionaire!
Assertive: I wish I were a millionaire.


Change the following sentences into assertive. 

(a) If I were young again!

(b) If I had the wings of a dove!

(c) If I were a philosopher like Socrates!


Rule-4: HAD

If an exclamatory sentence begins with ‘Had’, we replace ‘Had’ with ‘I wish’.

Exclamatory: Had I been a merchant!
Assertive: I wish I had been a merchant.
Exclamatory: Had I possessed a lot of wealth!
Assertive: I wish I had possessed a lot of wealth.


Change the following sentences into assertive.

(a) Had he been a rich man!


Rule-5: Would that

If an exclamatory sentence begins with ‘Would that’, we replace ‘Would that’ with ‘I wish’.

Exclamatory: Would that I were a child again!
Assertive: I wish I were a child again.
Exclamatory: Would that I were a king!
Assertive: I wish I were a king again.


Change the following sentences into assertive. 

(a) Would that we could enter the house! 


Rule-6: Hurrah!

The interjection ‘Hurrah!’ is replaced with ‘It is a matter of joy that’. 

Exclamatory: Hurrah! We have won the match. 
Assertive: It is a matter of joy that we have won the match.
Exclamatory: Hurrah! We are victorious.
Assertive: It is a matter of joy that we are victorious.


Change the following sentences into assertive. 

(a) Hurrah! I have got A+.

(b) Hurrah! We have won the match.


Rule-7: Alas!

The interjection ‘Alas!’ is replaced with ‘It is a matter of sorrow that’. 

Exclamatory: Alas! I am undone. 
Assertive: It is a matter of sorrow that I am undone.
Exclamatory: Alas! He has failed.
Assertive: It is a matter of sorrow that he has failed.


Change the following sentences into assertive. 

(a) Alas! I am undone. 

(b) Alas! He has failed.


Rule-8: Fie!

The interjection ‘Fie!’ is replaced with ‘It is a matter of shame that’. 

Exclamatory: Fie! You are a fool. 
Assertive: It is a matter of shame that you are a fool.
Exclamatory: Fie! You are a cheat.
Assertive: It is a matter of shame that you are a cheat.


Change the following sentences into assertive. 

(a) Fie! He is a criminal.

(b) Fie! They told lies.