Vocabulary Exercise

Cloze test with cluse JSC

1. Books

Books are men’s best friends in life. You may have many good friends, but you will not find them when you need them. They may not always come to you with sympathy. One or two may prove false and do you much harm. But books are always ready to be your side. Some books will make you laugh. Some others will give you much pleasure. Again, some books will bring new knowledge and ideas. They are your real friends throughout your life.


2.  Education

Education removes our ignorance and gives us light of knowledge. In respect of imparting education there should be no discrimination  between man and woman. Education is one of the basic human rights. If we deprive women of the right of education, almost half of our population will remain in darkness. No development can be brought about without participation of women. So, government is doing everything to educate women folk. 


3.  Guest birds  

In winter we see innumerable birds come to our country. These birds are called Guest birds. Actually, these birds come to our country in winter from Siberia. When the biting cold in Siberia reaches beyond the limit, the guest birds migrate to our land. They come not only because of biting cold but also for want of food. The most wondering fact about these birds is that they fly thousands of miles at a stretch. They enhance our natural beauty and help to maintain ecological balance by eating up worms and insects. But nowadays the migratory birds do not come to our country because of the scarcity of water land and cruelty of hunters.


4.  English 

English is an international language. As a result, the importance of English has increased. Different countries have to keep mutual communication among them. The necessity of learning is very great. Because it helps us to develop a good relationship with other nations. In this modern era of communication, it is not possible to advance without it. English has become the language of the whole world. Almost all books in science and technology have been written or translated into English. One can’t think of higher studies without the knowledge of English.


5.  Road accidents

Road accidents are daily occurrences in modern city. Every year thousands of people lose their lives and many more are injured. Before the invention of automobile, people moved from one place to another slowly but safely. The real causes of road accidents lie with the people not with the transports. In some cities, the roads are narrow. These can hardly cope with the increasing number of traffic. Besides, the traffic is not controlled properly. The drivers often violate traffic rules. As road accidents seem a great menace, immediate steps should be taken to stop the danger. 


6. Nature 

Nature has given her resources to us more generously than many other countries of the world. Think about our land. It is soft and fertile. Our farmers who have simple handmade tools can easily dig, plough and prepare the soil with them. Whereas lands of most other countries which are hard and rocky cannot be easily dug, ploughed, and prepared. We have a great natural advantage too. We can use the most of our lands for the purpose of agriculture. 


7. Begging 

What is begging? Begging is the charity of others. It does not give anything good to the society. It is totally unproductive and hence, it has no output. It does not develop a man’s ability or will to be self-reliant. It makes him indolent and habitually inactive and dependent on others. It makes a man devoid of any sense of self-respect. Hence those who live by begging cannot claim for any dignity in the society because of their aversion to work. They only seek the charity of others and become burden to the society.


8. Deforestation 

If we cut trees at random, one day our country will turn into a desert. All living animals and birds will not find any food or shelter to live in. They will be destroyed. There will be no rain and as a result our agriculture will face a great crisis. The temperature will rise, and it will cause greenhouse effect. The country will be unsuitable for living and various natural calamities like flood, drought, storm, etc. will affect our country.


9. Good manners 

Good manners form an important part of education. Our education remains incomplete if we do not learn good manners. In our behaviour with others, we must show proper respect for them. We should have a sense of fitness in our conduct with others. We should show respect to our superiors. It is necessary for a disciplined society. Good manners cost us nothing. So, good manners should be a part of our nature.


10. Education 

Education illuminates a man’s life. Proper education provides a learner with opportunities to develop all his talent. Its aim is to improve him physically and mentally so that he can be useful to himself and to the society. An educated man is self-reliant, but he can also assist others in attaining this great virtue. He is supposed to be well mannered, kind and sympathetic. So, a man who has acquired knowledge and skill only for his material development cannot be called a truly educated man. 


11.  Habib 

Habib lived in a village close to a town. He wanted to open a bank account. Having arrived in the town he stopped a stranger. “Excuse me, could you tell me the way to the nearest bank?” said Habib. “Certainly. Go straight about 2000 meters and turn left and the bank is almost on the right”, said the stranger.


12. Bangladesh 

Bangladesh is an agricultural country. Most of the people of this country directly or indirectly depend on agriculture for their livelihood. Many important industries depend on agricultural products. Agriculture supplies food stuff for human and animal consumption. Any decline in agricultural products brings economic depression in the country. Failure of crops causes sufferings to the entire people.


13. Bangladesh 

We must not waste our energy and money anymore. We need to take steps to literate our people. Emphasis should be given on primary education. There should be at least one primary school in each and every village. We are happy that our government has made primary education compulsory. A law has been passed in the assembly. To remove illiteracy from the country, some more steps may be taken. The illiterate adults need to be educated.


14.  Education 

Education is the backbone of a nation. No nation can prosper without education. Education removes our ignorance and gives us light of knowledge. In respect of imparting education there should be no discrimination between men and women. Education is one of the basic human rights. If we deprive women of the right of education, almost half of the population will remain in darkness. No development can be brought about in our society without the participation of women. The government of Bangladesh is doing everything to educate women folk.

15.  Exam Strategy 

Every student expects a glorious result in the examination and for that he tries heart and soul. There are many ways to have glorious result. Admission in the famous institution is one of them. So, most of the students dreams for getting admission in a famous institution. Most of the students start to study hard after their final examination to get admission into their expected institutions. Some become successful and some become failure in their mission. The students who don’t study hard cannot succeed in this context.


16.  Without efforts 

Without efforts there can be no progress in life. Life losses its interest if there is no struggle. Games become dull, if there is no competition in them and if the result can be easily foreseen. No matter we win the game or lose it, the keener the contest, the greater the enjoyment.  A victory is not a real triumph unless both the sides are equally matched. Whether we like it or not, life is one continuous competitive examination. 


17.  Education 

Proper education provides a learner with opportunities to improve all his talents. Its aim is to develop him physically and mentally so that he can be useful to himself and to the society. An educated man is self-reliant, but he also assists others in attaining self-reliance. He is supposed to be well mannered, kind, and helpful. So, a man who has acquired knowledge and skill only for his material development cannot be called a truly educated man. 


18.  Bangladesh 

Bangladesh is our birth land. It is small but beautiful. It is an agricultural country. Most of the people of this country directly or indirectly depend on agriculture for their livelihood.  Many important industries depend on agricultural products. Agriculture supplies food stuff for human and animal consumption. Any decline in agricultural products brings economic depression in the country. Failure of crops causes sufferings to the entire people.


19.  Examination 

Examination is very important in student’s life. If justifies a student’s quality. No student can be promoted to next class without examination. So, every student tries hard to pass the examination. There are many ways to do well in the examination and meritorious students follow these ways. Subject knowledge is not all things to approach the exam. One may gather much knowledge about his subject but if he cannot show his performance in the examination, this such kind of knowledge is valueless. He must be very practical in the examination which is also an important thing.


20.  Flood 

The flood that had occurred in 2004 in our country broke all the records of the past. Water level had never risen so high. The duration of the flood was also very long. Normal activities were stopped for a long time. A large number of people become homeless. The miseries of the affected people knew no bounds. Crops were greatly damaged. Cattle and many other things were washed away. Thousands of people took shelter on the tops of the roofs, boats, and embankments. Life came to a standstill. 


21.  Students 

Students should not separate themselves from society. They can serve the society in many ways. Their service is of great importance to society. During vacation they should go to their native village. They can educate the illiterate villagers. During a flood they can remove the sufferings of the flood affected people by raising funds. As they live in society, they are social beings. So, they are not separate from society. They can play an important role by removing the illiterate from the country.


22.  Ashraf 

Ashraf, who is a student of class ten, has taken a wise step. He is very much interested to visit villages along with his friends. He came to know that the villagers are not conscious of environmental problems. They do not know how to keep up the balance of the environment. The villagers have no control over the population growth also. As a result, our environment is being polluted day by day. He wants to make people know about the necessary of clean environment. Really, his purpose is great.


23.  Freedom Fighters 

Our freedom fighters are the real heroes of our country. We should remember them as they sacrifice their lives for the cause of motherland. It is a matter of great regret that most of them are neglected, and our young generation does not know about their valiant struggle. Yet today many of the real freedom fighters have not been found out and established. Some of them lead a very poor life. The authority in power should take proper step to enlist them and give them right honour.


24.  Physical Exercise

Physical exercise is essential for all. It keeps us physically strong and healthy. Our life is full of activities and struggles. We can face them if we have physical and mental fitness. It is physical exercise which helps us to have a sound mind in a sound body. Physical exercise enables some other benefits too. It also offers us an excellent recreation. It makes our mind free from the drudgery of work and fills it with joy. So, we must take physical exercise for our sound health.


25. Deforestation

The most common causes of deforestation are cutting and burning the forestland. Though the forestlands are cut and burnt for the sake of agriculture and habitat, it has a negative effect on environment . The removal of trees causes the birds and the other animals living on them to leave the place. It also causes serious damage to the soil, as trees give protection to soil as well. In the end, the soil gets sediment in the riverbed and causes frequent floods.


26.  Rights of a Citizen

A citizen has certain rights and privileges. For example, he has a right to security of life and property and protection of law when necessary. The state is bound to give him such protection. He has the right to speak as he pleases and the state should not interfere with his freedom of speech. But he must not say anything that goes against that established laws of his land. He has a natural right to take a hand in the administration of the affairs of his country. 


27.  Child labour 

Child labour has been forbidden internationally by the UN. To make a child do the work which is suitable for a man is punishable. Yet in the third world countries the number of child labour is going up day by day. Bangladesh is one of these countries. Though government is committed to dissuade rich people to engage children in laborious works, things are not so easy. Poverty is the first impediment in this field. The poor parents want to get additional earning by employing their children in works. Nazrul is a child of such kind of family. He came to Dhaka in search of a living. Now he is working in a garments factory.


28.  Sangsad Bhaban 

The Sangsad Bhaban at Sher-e-Bangla Nagaar in Dhaka is a wonder of modern architecture and technology. It is one of the largest and most spectacular parliament buildings in the world. It was designed by the famous American architect Louis I Kahn. This 155 feet high nine storied building is surrounded by an artificial lake called the Crescent Lake. The structure has 1650 door, 335windows, 365 ventilators and corridors totaling to be a wildering length of 41.6 kilometers. The house has 354 seats for MPs, 56 for guests, 40 for journalists and 430 for spectators. It has three party rooms in each of which can seat 153 people. The whole place in air-conditioned and includes all modern amenities.


29.  Pied Piper 

The Pied Piper stepped into the street and began to play his pipe again. This time the music was different.  Hearing the sound of the music, all the children of Hamelin came running. The mayor the councilors and all the parents stood dumb. The Pied Piper walked along the streets and the children followed him. They were laughing and dancing. But now the piper did not go towards the river. He walked towards the hill called Koppelburg instead. The parents felt relieved thinking that the pied piper would never be able to cross the hill. But as soon as the Piper reached the hill, it opened up and he walked into it with the children following him. Then the hill closed, and they were never seen again.


30. Man’s dignity

Man’s dignity depends on his work. Man is rational being. He is to work for others. He should not be proud of his blue blood. He should be ready to help anyone of any class. The man whom he is helping may be inferior to him by birth. But after all he is a man. He has the same blood and flesh as the above kind of man. So, he should sacrifice his own life for others welfare. We cannot live long on earth. We must die one day. We can live through our work.


31.  Irrigation

Crops need water. So, farmers must irrigate their fields if there is very little rain at any time. But irrigation is not easy if there is no river close to the crops. Canals can carry river water to the field. Sometimes much water causes flood. A dam may prevent difficulties of irrigation. A great lake can be built behind the dam. Dams are not recent invention. They were used in the remote past. 


32.  Illiteracy

Inability to read and write is illiteracy. It hinders all development efforts of the government. The literacy late of Bangladesh is still low. We have to increase this rate for entire development of the country. A countries development cannot be thought of keeping the large number of people illiterate. Government alone cannot meet this challenge without the help of the literate community. It is the social responsibility of the literate people to assist the government for the eradication of illiteracy. We must realise that we cannot exist as a nation without removing illiteracy from the society. So, we should be aware of this great problem.


33. Road accidents 

Road accidents have become feature of everyday life in our country, Bangladesh. A lot of reasons act behind road accidents. Roadside environment, poor design of junctions and road sections, excessive speed, dangerous overtaking, reckless driving, disobeying mandatory traffic rules, variety of traffics’ characteristics and defects of  vehicles are the principal reasons of it. Non-motorised vehicles are plying in the road alongside the buses and trucks in the same way. They also increase the risk of lives. Road accidents are the major challenge for the development of Bangladesh. So, we should search the way how to prevent these fatal problems. 


34.  Cyclone

A cyclone may occur anytime and at any place. The violent types of cyclones usually hit the tropics. The cyclone of Bangladesh generally originates from the Bay of Bengal and blows towards the land. It is often accompanied by thunders and heavy showers. Before a cyclone commences, unbearable heat is felt for a few days. Then suddenly one day the sky becomes terribly dark with clouds and strong winds being to blow with flashes of lighting and the rumbling of thunders. Thus, a terrible situation is created. 


35.  Agriculture

Ours is an agricultural country. Hence most of our country directly or indirectly depends on agriculture for their livelihood. Many important industries of our country also depend on agricultural products. Agriculture plays a vital role in our national economy. It supplies food  stuff for both human and animal consumption. So, people have to suffer a lot if there is any decline in agricultural products. The sufferings of the farmers and working class of people know no bounds. The failure of crops causes a great economic depression in the country and prices of daily necessaries may go unnaturally up. The floods and the subsequent damages of agricultural products are burning examples of it. We are lucky that your government has successfully overcome the problem.


36.  Power

Power is the key to the economic growth of any country. The necessity of power is only known when load- shedding occurs. Though rural life of Bangladesh is not totally dependent on power, urban life cannot sustain without electricity. At present we have production of around 4000 MW electricity and the shortage is around 2000 MW. This demand is over on the increase. In 2020 the national demand for electricity will rise to around 8000 MW. The reality is this situation can’t be improved just by installing some high-capacity generation units. Under these circumstances we should create a master plan to increase production of electricity and also have to shift our concentration to alternative fuel source.


37.  Time

A stitch in time saves nine. This is very well-known proverb. Some people don’t care about anything. They put off a job for tomorrow though they are not sure whether tomorrow will come. In this way they cannot finish the work when they need it. Then they say, “Alas! If we were not careless about our jobs when we had a lot of time, we must be successful.”


38.  Country Mouse & Town Mouse 

The nest was very small and very light. The country mouse ate barley and the roots of other plants. A mouse from the town came to see the country mouse. The town mouse was very quick and clever. His home was in a big house in the town. 


39.  Deforestation

Once there lived a king in an island. There were green trees everywhere in the island. The king decided to build a magnificent palace in the island. So, he ordered his men to cut down all the trees. Some opposed the idea of the king, but the king’s people did not pay heed to the opposition. So, people were compelled to carry out the king’s order. They cut down all the trees. As a result, a great change took place in the climate of the island. 


40.  Book fair 

Amongst all the exhibitions, the book fairs are of recent origin. They are frequently held in towns and cities now. Last year I visited Ekushe Boi mela in Bangla Academy premises. There were a number of stalls and thousands of books were displayed. It was a great opportunity of having a varied choice of books. A large number of people crowded there. I was tempted to buy a lot of books, but my purse didn’t permit me. As a result, I bought a few books and collected a lot of catalogues. However, a book fair spreads the massage that books are our best friends. Books enlarge our vision and make our life meaningful. 


41.  Book fair 

Of all the exhibitions, the book fairs are of recent origin . They are frequently held in towns and cities now. Last year I visited Ekushe Boi Mela in Bangla Academy premises. There were a number of stalls and thousands of books were displayed. It was a great opportunity of making a varied choice of books. So many booklovers crowded there. I was tempted to buy a lot of books, but my purse did not permit me. As a result, I bought a few books and collected a lot of catalogues.


42.  Patriotism 

Patriotism is a noble virtue. It is an inherent instinct in human nature. It inspires a man to shed every drop of blood to defend the liberty and dignity of the country. But patriotism should not be merely a so-called slogan in the public meetings to incite the people. It should be cherished in the core of heart and materialized in our deeds. We should keep ourselves away from the fake patriotism. Everybody should bear in mind that a pretender must be defeated. Nobody will remember or honour a mock patriot.


43.  Communication 

As the world’s communication system is developing day by day, the world seems to be getting smaller. For the development of communication system, now we can easily communicate with the people of other countries within a moment. Now, the world seems to be a village and the countries seem to be families. If we develop our mutual understanding and co-operation, we can make our world a better place. We should never treat others as enemies but as friends. As a friend we should ensure immediate help to other counties in their distress and sorrows. We should take them to  be our neigbours.


44.  Power

It is the instinct of everyone to climb up the top in position and power. There is no other passion in the world which is so universal as the love of power. Man always hankers after power. Power is the source of all strength. Man tries his best to achieve it. However, excess of desire for power leads to disaster. But people always rush after his power. Sometimes a powerful nation or society is dominated by this passion. It wants to swallow the smaller and weaker neighbours.


45.  Libraries

Most libraries are arranged in a systematic way that makes it possible to locate any book quite easily. All the books in a library are organized into categories or classes and then arranged alphabetically within their class. There are two system for organizing books in a library.


46.  Science

We live in an age of age science. In every sphere of our life, we depend on science which has blessed us with many gifts. By dint of science, man has become  the master of the whole universe. In every sphere of life science has ushered in a new era of hope and prosperity. Today we cannot think of anything rather than science. But still the modern science cannot change the basic attitude towards the problems of our life. Superstitions, false notions, and baseless beliefs still dominate over us.


47.  Accident

As I was sitting at the front of the bus, I saw exactly what happened. A rickshaw van overloaded with goods was coming from the opposite direction. The poor puller was an old man. Also, there was another person sitting at the back of the van with whom the puller was  chatting.


48.  Pollution

One of the serious problems in today’s world is pollution. The air of the cities is polluted by fume and smoke from motor vehicles, mills and factories. The water of the seas and lakes is polluted by industrial wastes, chemicals, and other dangerous substances. Forests on very wide areas everywhere in the world is being cleared and burnt. All these have disastrous effect on agriculture, on food supplies and important of all, on climate. Today our climate is affected so much that there are often strong heatwaves in many countries of Europe and in the U.S.A. Many scientists warn that the effect of pollution will bring a disaster for mankind in future. Noise is another form of pollution which many people are not taking seriously. We have noise coming from all around us. It is also equally harmful because it affects our hearing, our nerves, our ability to work efficiently and our general health.


49. Time

Time and tide wait for none. No one can call it back. A man gets back his lost money and heath but cannot get back his lost time. Time once lost is lost forever. So, we should make the good use of time. We should do our duties properly. If we put off our work for tomorrow, we may not get an opportunity to do it at all. There are some people who idle away time for nothing. They cannot prosper in life. They have to suffer for it. So, we should take an oath that we must do our duty properly and in time. 


50. Natural

The world is full of uncountable natural and manmade objects. Natural objects are stones, trees, air, and water. Manmade objects are house, cars, clothes and chemicals. Natural forces are cyclones, earthquakes, volcanoes, storms, and ocean currents. Life exists on different conditions. It is very important to keep environment clean.  

51. Thirst for Knowledge

Man has an unquenchable thirst for knowledge. In fact, he is never satisfied with what he has known and seen. He wants to know and see more and more. This curiosity to know more, coupled with his indomitable spirit of adventure, has inspired him to undertake and carry out difficult and dangerous tasks. In the fields of science and technology man has already achieved what was once inconceivable.  


52.  Rozia Chowdury

Rozia Chowdury loves challenges and when it comes to pursuing her goal, nothing can daunt her determination and courage. Today she is one of the leading women of our country. In the early seventies when profession women were not encouraged to seek job of their own choice, Mrs Chowdury launched her own advertising agency, Adcom Ltd. Now, this is one of the biggest advertising firms in Bangladesh. She says that there is no alternative to hard work and there is no shortcut to success. She adds that everyone should also be passionate about her work, otherwise she will be depressed and that will affect her work and performance.  


53.  Submarine Cable 

Bangladesh government has taken a correct decision about submarine cable connection. On September 2, 2002 a meeting was held to sign up the deal. It is undoubtedly an important step towards further progress in our ICT sector. It wills make the developed countries closer to us. If the exchange of information takes place regularly, we will be benefited. But proper measure should be taken. We should give importance to our ability and future. Only then it will help us to get profit. So, we should look forward to receive cooperation from other countries. 


54. Animal food 

We know that our land is limited. So, most of our farmers try hard all the year round to grow more food for themselves but not for their animals. The animals can eat only what nature grows. During the monsoon, there grows plenty of green plants and they eat too much. As a result, they become sick in their stomach. On the other hand, our winter is always rainless and dry.


55. Time and tide

Time and tide wait for none. None can call it back. A man can get back his lost money and health but cannot get back his lost time. Time once lost is lost forever. So, we should make the best use of our time. We must do our work timely. If we put off our work for tomorrow, we may not get time to do it all. There are some people who spend time for nothing. They cannot prosper in life. They have to depend on others.  


56. Tigers

Tigers are nocturnal animals. They sleep by day. They start hunting an hour or two before dusk and rove up to 15 to 20 kilometers per night. An adult tiger devours 20 to 30 kilograms of meat at a single meal. Wild pigs, deer and antelopes make up its favourite food. It also eats any kind of meat, including reptiles, birds and fish. Specialists say that tigers are more ferocious than lions. The tiger’s jaws are so strong that it can crush a human skull like an eggshell.


57. Environment

Our environment consists of air, water, soil, all living beings and objects, etc. The world of us is getting more and more polluted day by day. The cities are filled with dust and smoke from motor vehicles, mills and factories. The rivers and canals are polluted by industrial waste, chemicals and other poisons. The villagers are also becoming affected in the same way. Many kinds of animals, birds and plants are on the verge of extinction. Any change in climate affects our environment seriously. No development can be possible without preventing environment from the pollution. We have also another kind of pollution called sound pollution. 


58. Truthfulness

Truthfulness is the best of all virtues in a man’s life. It means the habit of speaking the truth. The true happiness and success of man entirely depends on it. It leads one to prosperity and gives one a high position in society. It may not make one rich but in brings peace of mind. A truthful person is respected by all. A truthful person cares nobody. He or she does not suffer in the long run. 


59.  Catching elephants

Many elephants are caught alive to be tamed and trained. But catching elephants alive is a hard and dangerous work. For though the elephant is a shy wild animal when left alone, it may be a dangerous enemy when attacked. Elephant are generally caught alive in great traps with enclosures called “Khedas”. These traps are so strong that even the mighty elephant cannot break them.


60. Road accidents

At present road accidents are daily occurrences in our life. Every year thousands of people lose their lives and many more are injured. Before the invention of automobiles, people traveled from one place to another slowly but safely. The main causes of road accidents lie with the people not with the transports. In some cities the roads are narrow. These can hardly cope with the large number of traffic.


61.  English

A large number of people speak English all over the world. Some people use it as a first language and some people take it as a second language. Many international organizations now depend on English to communicate with offices in different countries. The advertisements published in different newspapers are always in English. They also want people who possess a good command of English. People seeking employment cannot expect to get good jobs without learning English.


62. Early rising

An early riser can enjoy the fresh air and oxygen of the morning to refresh both his body and mind. Moreover, he can start his work early and as such he gets enough time to perform his work properly. On the other hand, too much sleep makes a man dull and lazy. A man who gets up late spends a lot of time in sleep and idleness. He doesn’t find time for doing his work properly. So, everyone should make the habit of early rising.


63.  Honesty

Honesty is the best policy. It is a great virtue. It helps a man to prosper in life. An honest man is respected and honored by all. Nobody likes a dishonest man. A man may be eminent by means of dishonesty but it is short lived. A dishonest man fails in the long ran. So, we should try to be honest and avoid dishonest people. A dishonest man cannot be real friend.


64. Without efforts

Without efforts there can be no progress in life. Life loses its interest if there is no struggle. Games become dull if there is no competition in them and if the result can be easily foreseen. No matter we win the game or lose it. The keener the contest, the greater the enjoyment. The victory is not a real triumph unless both the sides are equally matched.


65.  February 21

Language is the first medium of receiving knowledge. But all the people of the world do not speak in the same language. Every nation has its own language. This is called mother tongue of that nation. We are Banglees. Bangla is our mother tongue. The brave sons of this land died for our mother tongue on the 21st February. As recognition of their sacrifice, the UNESCO declared February 21 as the International Mother Language Day.


66.  Patriotism

Patriotism is an important quality of human being. It creates in man a felling of love for his motherland, the land of his birth. Patriotism is older than heroism. Any man, who loves his country, does his own duty and works for the progress of his country is a patriot. For example, the ancient tribes had great love for the land where they lived and they sacrificed their lives to save it. A student, an artist or a politician may be patriot even in normal arena of life. If he does his duty honestly and sincerely in his own fields, he is a patriot. If he does not do his duty, he will be blamed. We must have no hatred or bitterness towards anyone. False patriotism is very bad. A true patriot values the freedom of others as his own.


67.  Nutrition

Many people do not get enough nutrition from what they eat. Many children become blind because they do not get enough nutrition. Diarrhoea is a common disease. This is because many people do not drink clean water or they eat dirty food. So, they often suffer from diarrhea. The condition in our villages is very serious. The best way to keep in good health is to follow the rules of cleanliness. A large number of people do not follow the rules of health. It is a great problem in our counter. So, in order to keep in sound health, all the people must be adherent to the rules of health.


68.  Honesty

Honesty is a great virtue. It helps a man to prosper in life. An honest man is respected and honored by all. Nobody likes a dishonest man. A man may be eminent by means of dishonesty; but that is short lived. A dishonest man fails in the long run. So, we should try to be honest and truthful if we want to be respected everywhere.


69.  Bangladesh

Bangladesh is a darling child of nature. Nature has bestowed her with unique beauty. Really, no other country in the world is so endowed with natural beauties as Bangladesh is. She is noted for her natural beauty, golden crops of paddy and green leaves of trees. The six seasons of the year coming by turns make Bangladesh a land of beauty, variety and plenty. Her rivers present her a natural beauty particularly in the rainy season. The boats plying on the rivers under multi coloured sails also present a beautiful sight. 


70.  Natural calamities

The natural calamities happening in the world prove that there has been a change of global warming. Hurricane, Katrina, Rita, Tsunami, earthquake, typhoon, and cyclone are all the examples of this change. Experts have warned that we are heading towards a great disaster because of climatic degradation. We are doing a great harm to our environment by being unwise in our activities. Pollution is the most spectacular reason that causes this degradation. And it is we who are responsible for this. We must not pollute our environment if we want to keep the earth safe. 


71.  English

English is an international language. As a result, the necessity of English has increased. Different countries have to keep mutual communication among them. The importance of learning English is very great. Because it helps us to develop a good relationship with other nations. In this modern era of communication, it is not possible to advance without it.  English is the language of the whole world. Almost all books in science and technology have been written and translated into English.


72.  Climate of Bangladesh

The climate of Bangladesh is hot and humid. There are six seasons in Bangladesh. They are summer, monsoon, autumn, late autumn, winter and spring. The land of Bangladesh is plain and fertile. Plenty of crops and vegetables grow in the fertile land of this country. Rice, jute, tea, sugar-cane, tobacco, pulse and wheat are the main crops of Bangladesh. Jute and tea are the main cash crop of our country. A lot of foreign exchange is earned by exporting raw jute, jute goods and tea to different countries of the world. Jute is called the golden fibre of Bangladesh. As Bangladesh is an agricultural country, the economy of Bangladesh mainly depends on agricultural products.


73.  Flower

A flower is the best gift of nature. It is a symbol of purity and beauty. It gives us pleasure. There is nobody but likes a flower. Its sweet smell pleases one to all. Nowadays, flowers are cultivated in our country. Many people earn their livelihood by flower cultivation. Today many people decorate their houses with flowers to enhance beauty. At present flower exhibitions are held in our country.


74.  Education

Education is the backbone of a nation. A man cannot stand upright without education. So, a nation cannot raise its head with dignity without education. It is compared with light which removes darkness. The rate of literacy or illiteracy determines whether a country is poor or rich. In a poor country like ours, education should be made compulsory. It is our duty to ensure education for all.


75.  Mobile phone

Mobile phone is an important means of communication and correspondence. It helps to communicate with people of distant places in the shortest possible time. The use of mobile phone is more effective than that of land phone. The person who sends the message is to pay the bill. But the receiver can respond any call without any cost. Mobile phone has revolutionized the communication system. People of all walks of life become benefited through the use of mobile phone. But sometimes criminals keep their communication by using mobile phone. In spite of that, mobile phone is a wonder of modern civilization.


76.  Time

Time is very precious. Time which is lost once is lost forever. There is a proverb, “Time and tide wait for none.” It is time which does not care any relative feelings. It does not wait for anyone. If it is not utilized properly, one must suffer in the long run. We can go a long way becoming conscious of value of time. Those who have become great have made proper use of time. They never put off their work for tomorrow. As a result, they reached top position in society. So, it is our duty to follow them and we should do our work timely.


77.  Nature

Nature has given her resources to us more generously than many other countries of the world. Think about our land. It is soft and fertile. Our farmers who have only simple handmade tools can easily dig, plough and prepare the soil with them. Whereas soil which is hard and rocky cannot be so easily dug, ploughed and prepared. We have a great natural advantage too. We can use most of our lands.


78.  Science

We live in an age of science. We can see the influence of science in all spheres of life. Science is a constant companion of our daily life. We have made the impossible things possible by means of science. The modern civilization is a contribution of science. At present we can easily travel from one place to another. But in ancient time journey was difficult. Man had to spend a lot of time and money for traveling. But we should remember that science has to be exploited for the greater welfare of mankind.


79.  Landing on the moon

Landing on the moon is an epoch-making event in the history for space technology. Before landing on the moon, most of the people thought that nobody could go to the moon. But the three astronauts went to the moon through a spaceship. Neil Armstrong was the first who stepped into the surface of the moon and proved that nothing is impossible to man. They have become world great heroes because of their great adventure. It proves that man can do anything if he is determined.


80.  Natural calamities

At present natural calamities are increasing at an alarming rate. Floods, cyclones, tsunami, etc. occur almost every year. They take away valuable lives, habitats and other belongings. Still now we are bound to abide by the will of nature. Scientists think that we are responsible for these disasters. Nature has lost her equilibrium for the unwise acts of man. So, nature is taking her revenge on us. If we don't become aware of it, the whole world will be unfit for living.


81.  Education

Education is the backbone of a (a) nation. A man cannot stand properly (b) without backbone. So, a nation cannot (c) raise its head with dignity without (d) education. It is compared with light. (e) Education removes darkness. The rate of literacy or illiteracy (f) determines whether a country is rich or (g) poor. In a poor country like ours, (h) education should be made compulsory and (i) free. More primary schools should be (j) established to spread the light of education.


82.  The pied piper

The Pied Piper played his (a) flute and the rats (b) came out of the houses. They followed the (c) Piper. The man waded (d) into the river Weser. The rates followed (e) him and were drowned. Coming back, the Pied Piper (f) wanted his money. The mayor and the councilors did not (g) pay him the money that they (h) promised. They offered the Pied Piper fifty guilders (i) only. He did not take the money and (j) went back.


83.  Complete happiness

It is a fact that complete (a) happiness does not exist in worldly life. A man (b) cannot have all things that he desires in (c) life. It is better not to seek (d) complete happiness. Rather one should be satisfied with (e) what one gets. Contentment is the (f) key to happiness. One should not always (g) think about what he had and what he does not (h) have because by doing so a man (i) becomes frustrated and depressed. There are some people who think that it is (j) money that brings happiness and happiness could be bought. 


84. Flood

The flood that had (a) occurred in 2007 in our country broke all the (b) records of the past. Water level had never (c) risen so high as far as we know. The duration of the flood was (d) long. Normal activities were (e) stopped for a time. A large number of people become homeless. The miseries of the (f) affected people knew no bounds. Houses were (g) greatly damaged. Crops were (h) washed away. Thousands of people took shelter on the (i) tops of the roofs and boats or roads. Life came to a (j) standstill.


85.  Bangladesh

Bangladesh is a small country but it is densely (a) populated.  It faces many problems for its (b) huge population. Among them poverty, unemployment, and (c) illiteracy are major (d) problems. Most of them don’t know (e) how to read and write. The government has (f) taken some steps to educate the people of Bangladesh. Primary education has (g) been made free. But the government (h) alone cannot solve this problem. Every individual should look forward to (i) making the country free (j) from illiteracy.


86.  Good heath

We can keep in good (a) health if we play (b) regularly. If the body is (c) sound, the mind also remains sound. We should bear in (d) mind that it is a very good rule to (e) read while it is (f) time for reading and play while (g) time for playing. Good children do not play all day (h) long. They sit to read (i) when it is time reading. This is why everybody (j) loves them.


87.  Trees and plants in Bangladesh

There are so many trees and plants in Bangladesh. Trees are (a) necessary for human life. They also needed for the (b) safety of environment. Trees (c) provide us with wood, fruits, oxygen, medicine, shadow and so on. But we (d) have been cutting down trees for timber, cultivable land and housing. We must not (e) forget that trees (f) maintain ecological balance. If there (g) are no trees, there will be no rainfall and as a result our land will (h) change into desert and we will (i) face many troubles. So we should plant more trees for our (j) existence.


88.  Mina’s Birthday 

The fruitcake which was (a) ordered has arrived. The table has been (b) made ready. Different items of food have been placed (c) on the table. The drawing room (d) looks very nice and clean. It has also been nicely (e) festooned. Mina has (f) worn her new dress and is waiting (g) anxiously for her friends’ (h) arrival. Her friends start (i) coming by twos and threes. By 4 O’clock all her friends have (j) arrived except Hena.


89.  Three important duties

There are three important duties on earth. They (a) are duty to God, duty to parents and duty to mankind. All these three duties are important because they (b) help us to go a long way. Duty to God helps us to be (c) favored by God. If we are favoured by God, we can (d) prosper in life. Duty to parents is also important because if our parents are (e) pleased with us, God will help us to (f) make our life smooth. The last duty is towards mankind. It is not (g) negligible. We (h) can be the apple of God’s eyes by doing our duty towards mankind. All the great men of the world tried to (i) perform all these duties. So, we should (j) follow them to be great.


90.  Bees

Bees (a) lead a systematic life. There are three (b) kinds of bees, queen, drone and workers. The different kinds of bees have different (c) jobs to do. The queen (d) lays eggs and leads the swarming bees. The male bees fertilize the eggs laid by the queen. The female bees are (e) major workers and they (f) perform various functions. They (g) build the hive and honey combs. They (h) collect nectar from flowers and (i) prepare honey. They store (j) honey in the honey combs.


91.  Bangladesh

Bangladesh in one of the underdeveloped country of the world. (a) Most of her people are poor. A large number of (b) poor children are engaged here in (c) working sectors. They have to do (d) hard work, either in the houses of (e) rich people or in factories. They also (f) work in fields, shops, hotels and restaurants. Some of them (g) break bricks and stones. But it is a matter of (h) sorrow that everywhere they are being (i) deprived. They do not get their (j) wage properly.


92.  Population

The economy of a country largely (a) depends on its population. But if it (b) grows rapidly, the standard of (c) living in the country declines because the (d) increasing population eats up the additional growth of the economy. Nevertheless, the (e) population of a country is her man power and is an important (f) resource that plays a vital role in her economic sphere. Without adequate human resource the other resources of the country will (g) remain under utilized and to some extent her economic (h) development will remain unsatisfactory. A large population causes rise to large demand in (i) manufactured goods. At the same time, it can meet that demand by engaging itself in increasing (j) productive activities.


93.  Feroza’s life

Feroza’s life (a) was full of sufferings and sorrows. She never had a (b) moment of happiness. All that came to her (c) mind from her childhood was the extreme want of food, (d) shelter and clothes. At the age of 12, she was given in (e) marriage to a 24 years old unemployed man. Feroza entered (f) into her husband’s house with the dreams and (g) hopes of a young girl but all she (h) saw was more want. Feroza (i) worked hard to feed herself, he mother-in-law and her (j) husband.


94.  Proper method of study

The proper (a) method of study involves regular and proper understanding. In order to (b) get the best benefit from study, we should read (c) attentively and intelligently. We should not study (d) only for the purpose of (e) passing examinations. We should take genuine (f) interest in our studies so that we can enjoy what we (g) read. This will give us knowledge and wisdom and (h) widen the horizon of our (i) knowledge. We should, therefore, study not for immediate gains, but for lasting (j) enrichment of the mind.


95.  Vitamins and mineral salts

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