Transformation of Sentences

Changing Sentences

1. Change the sentences according to directions.

(a) Dhaka is an old city. (Complex)

(b) Dhaka stands on the famous river Buriganga. (Compound)

(c) It bears a rich heritage. (Exclamatory)

(d) Mughal Emperor Jahangir set up this city. (Passive)

(e) It is called the city of mosque. (Active)

(f) It is a city as big as modern. (Comparative)

(g) Everybody wants to live in Dhaka. (Interrogative)

(h) But those who dwell in the city are the victims of pollution now. (Simple)

(i) Would that this pollution could be reduced! (Assertive)

(j) We are bound to keep the city neat and clean. (Negative)


2. Change the sentences according to directions.

(a) One day some naughty boys were walking by a small pond where many frogs lived. (Compound)

(b) Seeing the frogs the boys started throwing stones at them. (Complex)

(c) The stones injured some frogs seriously. (Passive)

(d) An old frog wanted to know the reason, why they were hurting them. (Simple)

(e) What was play to the boys was death to the frogs. (Compound)

(f) The boys laughed at the frog. (Passive)

(g) Another boy requested others not to throw stones at them. (Complex)

(h) The other boys were convinced. (Interrogative)

(i) They stopped throwing stones and went away. (Simple)

(j) Then the frogs were safe. (Negative)


3. Change the sentences according to directions.

(a) Although Mena had picked the mango, her mother gave the larger share of it to Raju. (Make compound sentence) 

(b) Meena was very disappointed at this. (Use active voice) 

(c) Mithu divided the egg into two and put half of it on Meena's plate. (Make simple sentence) 

(d) Coming back, Raju was upset to see this. (Make complex sentence) 

(e) He looked very angry. (Make negative sentence) 

(f) A girl is as important as a boy. (Use comparative sentence) 

(g) Meena's grandma did not agree to this. (Make affirmative sentence)  

(h) Meena's parents realized the importance of being a girl. (Make interrogative)

(i) The whole family started taking much care of Meena. (Use passive voice) 

(j) Meena was a very lucky girl. (Make exclamatory sentence) 


4. Change the sentences according to directions.

(a) Water logging is one of the worst problems of Dhaka city. (Positive)

(b) People suffer a lot from water logging. (Interrogative)

(c) The city dwellers are the worst victim. (Complex)

(d) Government has taken some measures to solve this problem. (Passive)

(e) The problem must be addressed properly. (Active)

(f) What a miserable life we lead in the rainy season! (Assertive)

(g) We cannot but go with this problem. (Affirmative)

(h) No other phenomenon is as intolerable as this problem. (Superlative)

(i) The people who live in the slum suffer terribly. (Simple)

(j) Nothing is as bad as this problem. (Comparative)


5. Change the sentences according to directions.

(a) Madhusudan Dutt was a very popular poet. (Exclamatory)

(b) He was one of the greatest dramatists in Bangla literature. (Positive)

(c) He was born at Sagordary on the bank of the Kapotaksho. (Complex)

(d) When he was a boy, he desired to be an Englishman. (Simple)

(e) He was recognised by his teachers as a precious child. (Active)

(f) He thought that he was born on the wrong side of the planet. (Interrogative)

(g) He also thought that his society was unable to appreciate his intellect. (Negative)

(h) Again he believed that none but the West would be more receptive to his creative genius. (Affirmative)

(i) He was an ardent follower of Lord Byron. (Interrogative)

(j) He went to Europe and started composing poems. (Simple)


6. Change the sentences according to directions.

(a) Watching violent scenes young people become violent. (Compound Sentence)

(b) They came here to enjoy themselves. (Complex)

(c) I recognized her at first glance and helped her recognize me. (Passive) 

(d) He had to feel pity for the Lion. (Negative)

(e) He was famous because he was wise. (Simple)

(f) Man is the best of all creatures. (Positive)

(g) Proper emphasis should be given on their study. (Change the voice) 

(h) It burns prettier than any other wood. (Superlative)

(i) Had I the wings of dove! (Assertive)

(j) The next few days were very terrible. (Exclamatory)


7. Change the sentences according to directions.

(a) Traffic jam is a common phenomenon of our life. (Interrogative)

(b) It is a big problem. (Negative)

(c) Anika is a brilliant student. (Exclamatory) 

(d) The Buriganga is one of the most important rivers. (Comparative)

(e) When earthquake occurs, people become panic-stricken. (Compound)

(f) Shouldn't we read newspaper daily? (Assertive)

(g) Very few things are as useful as trees. (Comparative)

(h) Heavy rainfall often causes floods. (Passive) 

(i) People in general are fond of glittering things. (Complex)

(j) Different types of crops are grown by farmers. (Active)


8. Change the sentences according to directions.

(a) Corruption is one of the worst evils. (Positive) 

(b) A corrupted man can do anything against morality. (Complex) 

(c) People hate a corrupted man. (Passive) 

(d) Nobody respects him. (Interrogative) 

(e) The man who takes bribe is next to devil. (Simple)

(f) Though we have strict law, we are still affected by this evil. (Compound) 

(g) No other person is as hated as a corrupted man. (Superlative)

(h) We hope that Bangladesh will be free from this evil. (Passive) 

(i) Everybody avoids a corrupted man. (Negative)

(j) A corrupted man leads a very unhappy life. (Exclamatory)


9. Change the sentences according to directions.

(a) Communication Technology is a wonderful invention. (Exclamatory)

(b) There are many things that have been included in communication technology. (Simple)

(c) To run this system, computer is a must. (Complex)

(d) Internet is the latest invention in the communication system. (Positive)

(e) So, we should know the use of the Internet in our daily life. (Passive)

(f) No other education is as necessary as education on the Internet. (Comparative)

(g) Since our majority people are technologically illiterate, they are deprived of the blessing of Internet. (Compound)

(h) What a pitiable condition it is! (Assertive)

(i) They can't taste the dreamy world of Internet. (Interrogative)

(j) That the earth depends on it is known to us. (Active)


10. Change the sentences according to directions.

(a) Birds are one of the greatest gifts of nature. (Positive) 

(b) Who does not love birds? (Assertive) 

(c) We must be kind to them. (Negative) 

(d) They help to keep ecological balance. (Interrogative) 

(e) In winter birds come to our country from Syberia. (Complex) 

(f) The birds eat up the insects which are harmful to our crops. (Simple) 

(g) Birds beautify nature to a great extent. (Passive) 

(h) Very few living things are as useful as birds for our ecosystem. (Comparative) 

(i) Birds are very essential. (Exclamatory) 

(j) Crow is the ugliest of all birds. (Positive) 


11. Change the sentences according to directions.

(a) As I forgot him, I went outside the cabin. (Simple)

(b) She went out to work closing the door. (Complex)

(c) Jerry was a very curious and active boy. (Negative)

(d) Though he was a small boy, he would work like a man. (Compound)

(e) The authoress appreciated Jerry blindly. (Passive)

(f) Jerry is the best boy I have ever seen. (Comparative)

(g) He came to the orphanage at four. (Complex)

(h) He did the unnecessary things for the writer. (Voice)

(i) He never told a lie. (Affirmative)

(j) He was a free will agent and choose to do careful work. (Simple)


12. Change the sentences according to directions.

(a) Sound pollution is a common phenomenon of our city. (Negative)

(b) We are not free from it. (Interrogative) 

(c) Day by day it is increasing devastatingly. (Exclamatory)

(d) We know that sound pollution harms us. (Passive)

(e) People exposed to loud sound suffer from health hazard. (Complex)

(f) It is one of the most dangerous phenomena of city life. (Positive)

(g) It is not tolerable. (Affirmative)

(h) Deafness is caused by sound pollution. (Active)

(i) Sound pollution in Dhaka City is so high that life is becoming impossible here. (Compound)

(j) We should check it so that we can lead a healthy life. (Simple)


13. Change the sentences according to directions.

(a) Once two women quarrelled over a baby each claiming the baby as her own. (Compound)

(b) As the dispute could not be settled, they were brought to a judge for a settlement. (Simple)

(c) The judge left no stone unturned to solve the problem. (Affirmative)

(d) He also tried his best to make them accept the truth but both clung to their claims. (Simple)

(e) The wise judge then ordered the executions to cut the baby into two equal parts. (Passive)

(f) At this, one woman remained quiet but the other one cried out in sorrow. (Complex)

(g) The real mother did not want to kill her son. (Interrogative)

(h) So, he decided to leave her demand. (Passive)

(i) The fake mother gladly accepted the proposal. (Negative)

(j) Then the judge gave the baby to the weeping mother and punished the other one. (Simple)


14. Change the sentences according to directions.

(a)  We should read books to gain knowledge. (Make it complex) 

(b) Books introduce us to the realm of knowledge. (Use Passive Voice) 

(c) The books of great writers contain noble thoughts and great ideas. (Make it interrogative) 

(d) If we read books, we can enrich our minds. (Make it simple) 

(e) Books are the greatest friends. (Make it Positive) 

(f) They give us both knowledge and pleasure. (Make it negative) 

(g) As they are our real friends, they remain with us in time of danger. (Make it compound) 

(h) Some books are very interesting. (Make it exclamatory) 

(i) We can build up developed society by reading books. (Make it complex) 

(j) Nothing but books can remove the darkness of ignorance. (Make it affirmative) 


15. Change the sentences according to directions.

(a) The students studying regularly can expect a good result. (Complex)

(b) But most of our students are inattentive to their studies. (Negative without changing the real meaning)

(c) They waste their valuable time idly. (Passive)

(d) Wasting time is harmful for them. (Interrogative)

(e) By repeating this activity they make a poor result. (Complex)

(f) Who loves them then? (Assertive without changing the real meaning)

(g) They are treated badly even by their dearly family members. (Active)

(h) If a student fails in the examination, he suffers from inferiority complex. (Simple)

(i) No other student in the class is as bad as a failed student. (Superlative)

(j) So a student should be aware of studying regularly and attentively so that he can do well in the examination. (Simple)


16. Change the sentences according to directions.

(a) The boy rose up and went to the pitcher to fill a glass with water. (Simple)

(b) Suddenly he remembered a well and it was at the other end of  the locality. (Complex) 

(c) The boy took a jar and went to the well alone. (Simple)

(d) After filling the jar with water, he returned home. (Compound) 

(e) He went to his mother with water when he returned home. (Compound)

(f) The night passed by and the morning came. (Simple)

(g) The mother opened her eyes and looked about. (Complex)

(h) She found her son sitting by her bed with a glass of water. (Compound)

(i) She remembered that she had wanted to drink at night. (Simple)

(j) Allah gave the boy a good return. (Complex) 


17. Change the sentences according to directions.

(a) It was summer and the day was very hot. (Complex)

(b) An ant was thirsty and wanted to drink. (Simple)

(c) The ant rushed to the stream and began to drink. (Simple) 

(d) Just then a sudden wind blew the ant into water. (Passive) 

(e) Then the drowning ant cried out for help. (Interrogative)

(f) A dove was sitting on tree on the bank of the stream. (Complex)

(g) The dove was watching the ant and felt pity for it. (Simple)

(h) The dove picked a leaf from the tree and dropped it into the water. (Complex)

(i) The ant climbed the leaf to save life. (Passive)

(j) The ant saved its life at the kindness of the dove. (Compound)


18. Change the sentences according to directions.

(a) Unemployment is one of the most serious problems in the world. (Make positive degree)

(b) It is a social evil which hampers the progress of social life. (Make compound sentence)

(c) The prosperity of a society depends upon the reasonable income of its able-bodied person. (Make complex sentence)

(d) This increases the per capita income. (Use passive voice)

(e) Unemployment is a social evil which must be cured at any cost. (Make negative sentence) 

(f) Some measures have been taken in this regard. (Use active voice)

(g) The government alone cannot solve this problem. (Make interrogative sentence)

(h) The young people should find some ways so that they can be employed. (Make simple sentence)

(i) Only perseverance of the young people can solve this problem. (Make negative sentence)

(j) Self-help is the best way to solve this problem. (Make comparative degree)


19. Change the sentences according to directions.

(a) Mithila is a standard student. (Negative without changing meaning)

(b) She is never delayed to attend her classes. (Affirmative without changing meaning.

(c) She wants to be a nurse to serve people. (Make it interrogative)

(d) Her teachers help her in all compliments. (Passive)

(e) She is one of the most brilliant students in her class. (Positive)

(f) She is better than any other student of her school. (Superlative)

(g) She reads more to flourish her dream. (Complex)

(h) She sits to read when it is time to read. (Simple)

(i) She is loved by her parents, teachers and friends. (Active)

(j) At the age of fifteen she reads in class X. (Compound)


20. Change the sentences according to directions.

(a) Bangladesh is a small country. (Make it negative)

(b) Very few countries in the world are as populous as it. (Make it superlative).

(c) Most of the people cannot send their children to school. (Make it interrogative)

(d) Only education can change their life. (Make it negative)

(e) They should be taken care of. (Make it active)

(f) Sometimes they cannot but become helpless, (Make it affirmative)

(g) In spite of knowing their helpless conditions, they make their children farmers. (Make it complex)

(h) They cannot lead a pleasant life. (Make it passive)

(i) Their condition is very pitiful. (Make exclamatory)

(j) If the government comes forward, their condition may improve. (Make it simple)


21. Change the sentences according to directions.

(a) Day to day life in the city is expensive. (Make it negative)

(b) People living below the poverty line lead a miserable life. (Make complex sentence)

(c) Price hike is one of the biggest problems for them. (Use positive degree)

(d) The government has taken necessary steps to keep the price hike under control. (Passive voice)

(e) The people who are greedy are responsible for price hike. (Make simple sentence)

(f) They demand more price to gain more profit. (Make compound sentences)

(g) The customers are often deceived. (Use active voice)

(h) How cunning they are! (Make assertive)

(i) Steps are needed to keep price hike under control. (make complex sentences)

(j) Nobody supports unusual price of things. (Make interrogative) 


22. Change the sentences according to directions.

(a) Cox's Bazar is the longest sea beach in the world. (Positive)

(b) Everyone knows this. (Interrogative)

(c) This sea beach is visited by the tourists from home and abroad. (Active)

(d) They come here to enjoy themselves. (Complex)

(e) It is one of the most amusing places in the world. (Comparative)

(f) How charming the scenery of Cox's Bazar is! (Assertive)

(g) The sea is wide open and it widens the hearts of the visitors. (Simple)

(h) Only the harsh people can avoid this beauty. (Negative)

(i) Since it is a famous tourist place, its condition should be developed. (Compound)

(j) Our government is going to take some steps to make it more attractive. (Passive)


23. Change the sentences according to directions.

(a) I forgot his name. (Negative) 

(b) Yes, now I am sure he was Jerry. (Simple) 

(c) He was like a star twinkling in a cloudless sky. (Interrogative) 

(d) Once he broke the axe handle. (Complex) 

(e) But he did not take the money. (Affirmative) 

(f) He admitted that he was responsible for breaking the handle. (Compound) 

(g) He refused to take the money. (Negative) 

(h) No one hits accurately every time. (Interrogative) 

(i) As he was honest, he did not show any excuse. (Simple) 

(j) He was not a hypocrite. (Affirmative) 


24. Change the sentences according to directions.

(a) The western culture persuades our young generation to the path of destruction. (Make complex sentence)

(b) The culture is shown very attractively. (Make Exclamatory sentence)

(c) Internet is available to provide the culture. (Make it compound)

(d) It is high time we changed our policy to allow the so called culture in our country. (Make it simple)

(e) Otherwise, we must suffer in the long run. (Make it negative).

(f) The young generation is affected by western culture. (Use active voice)

(g) Different   channels telecast attractive programmes. (Make it complex)

(h) These programmes have greatly grasped the young generation. (Use passive voice)

(i) As they are innocent, they are attracted easily. (Make it simple)

(j) We should stop the telecast of satellite channels. (Make it imperative)


25. Change the sentences according to directions.

(a) Day-to-day life in the city is expensive. (Negative)

(b) People living below the poverty line lead a miserable life. (Complex)

(c) Price-hike is one of the biggest problems for them. (Positive)

(d) The government has taken necessary steps to keep the price hike under control. (Passive)

(e) The people who are greedy are responsible for price spiral. (Simple)

(f) Usually the price increases a lot in the month of Ramadan. (Compound)

(g) They demand more price to gain profit. (Negative)

(h) The customers are often deceived. (Active)

(i) Life becomes difficult for the poor. (Exclamatory)

(j) Nobody supports unusual price of things. (Interrogative)


26. Change the sentences according to directions.

(a) My elder brother who is an engineer works in Dhaka. (Make simple sentence)

(b) Last summer he sent me a plane ticket. (Interrogative).

(c) I had arrived at the airport about an hour before the flight departed. (Make simple sentence)

(d) I was given a boarding card on which the number of my seat was written. (Make compound sentence)

(e) I got on board and found my seat. (Make simple sentence).

(f) When all the passengers were in, the door was closed. (Make compound sentence).,

(g) I felt very excited. (Make exclamatory sentence)

(h) As it was my first flight, I felt delight. (Make compound sentence).

(i) After the plane had taken off, a hostess came to me. (make simple sentence).

(j) She told me to fasten the belt. (Use passive voice).


27. Change the sentences according to directions.

(a) The cow is one of the most useful animals. (Comparative)

(b) It helps us in many ways. (Interrogative)

(c) It is essential for us. (Negative)

(d) Farmers use this animal to cultivate their fields. (Complex) 

(e) The cow gives us milk. (Passive)

(f) It is used in various purposes. (Active)

(g) If we take proper care of it, we will be benefited. (Simple)

(h) By raising cows we can earn a lot of money. (Compound)

(i) Many people raise cows so that they can get milk. (Simple)

(j) The cow is very essential. (Exclamatory)


28. Change the sentences according to directions.

(a) Water, a vital element of environment, is polluted in different ways. (complex)

(b) People pollute water by throwing waste into it. (compound)

(c) Farmers use chemicals, fertilizers and insecticides in the fields. (Interrogative)

(d) When rain and flood wash away some of these chemicals, they get mixed with water. (compound)

(e) Mills and factories also pollute water. (passive)

(f) Thus water is contaminated by various kinds of waste and filth. (active)

(g) Clean water is safe for life. (Negative)

(h) Contaminated water is harmful than any other thing. (Positive)

(i) So, effective step should be taken so that water pollution can be prevented. (simple)

(j) Our government is very careful about our environment. (exclamatory)


29. Change the sentences according to directions.

(a) So, they should work hard to improve their condition. (complex)

(b) This increases per capita income. (passive)

(c) A friend is more important than any other person. (positive degree)

(d) As love is divine, everybody wants it. (compound sentences)

(e) Drive this wretch. (Passive)

(f) They should be taught traffic rule. (Active)

(g) Every body knows the matter. (Make interrogative)

(h) The cook insisted that this duck had only one leg. (Make simple)

(i) She was a great woman. (Exclamatory)

(j) It becomes gradually easier. (Make interrogative)


30. Change the sentences according to directions.

(a) I answered to her beckoning. (Compound) 

(b) I went over during the interval. (Complex) 

(c) We are none of us getting any younger. (Affirmative) 

(d) Someone had mentioned her name to me. (Passive) 

(e) She was not so young as I expected. (Comparative) 

(f) She asked me to luncheon. (Passive) 

(g) It was twenty years ago and I was living in Paris. (Simple) 

(h) I was earning a little to keep body and soul together. (Complex) 

(i) She read a book of mine. (Passive) 

(j) I was too young to say 'no' to a woman. (Complex) 


31. Change the sentences according to directions.

(a) Child labour in one of the biggest curses of the 21st century. (Positive)

(b) Poverty forces them to work. (Passive)

(c) We have to remove poverty to check child abuse (Complex)

(d) Being defeated for six times, Robert Bruce lost all hope. (Compound)

(e) Only determination can bring us success. (Negative)

(f) Water can be polluted in many ways. (Active)

(g) We become sick by drinking polluted water. (Complex)

(h) Marco Polo was a traveller who was very famous. (Simple)

(i) It is always busy. (Negative)

(j) We eat to satisfy our temptation. (Compound)


32. Change the sentences according to directions.

(a) Success will not come to one’s life automatically. (Interrogative)

(b) Do you know it? (Passive)

(c) Industry is the most important thing for success. (Comparative) 

(d) So it is called the mother of good luck. (Active)

(e) An industrious boy will shine in life. (Complex)

(f) A life with an assignment is an actual life. (Negative) 

(g) A man who is lazy always curses his lot for his misfortune. (Compound) 

(h) What a fool he is! (Assertive)

(i) None can receive any reward unless he works hard. (Simple)

(j) It is evident that industry is one of the greatest virtues. (Positive) 


33. Change the sentences according to directions.

(a) Haji Mohammad Mushin was not an unkind man at all. (Affirmative)

(b) He inherited vast property from his father and sister. (Interrogative)

(c) He was unmarried. (Negative)

(d) During his life time, he spent money lavishly to help the poor. (Complex)

(e) One night when he was saying his prayer, a thief broke into his room. (Simple)

(f) Seeing Mushin, the thief cried. (Compound)

(g) The thief was caught. (Active)

(h) How needy the thief was! (Assertive)

(i) He gave the thief some food and money. (Passive)

(j) Mushin was one of the best philanthropists in the world. (Positive)


34. Change the sentences according to directions.

(a) I decided to celebrate my birthday by inviting some of my friends out to supper. (Compound)

(b) I chose a restaurant in a quiet part of our town. (Negative)

(c) It is one of my most favourite restaurants. (Positive)

(d) Food served here is usually tasty. (Complex)

(e) The waiters working here are friendly. (Negative)

(f) When we entered the restaurant, I was surprised. (Simple)

(g) It was full. (Negative)

(h) One of the waiters recognized me. (Passive)

(i) He came quickly with the menu. (Negative)

(j) I asked my friends to select the items. (Complex)


35. Change the sentences according to directions.

(a) Traffic jam is the most serious problem in Dhaka city. (Comparative)

(b) It has become a common affair in most of the cities. (Negative)

(c) Sometimes this jam is so acute that it blocks more than a killometer of a street. (Compound)

(d) It kills our valuable time. (Complex)

(e) If we take some pragmatic steps, we can solve it. (Simple)

(f) More wide roads can be constructed. (Active)

(g) Law should be implemented to ensure punishment. (Complex) 

h) Drivers who are experienced should be given licence. (Simple)

(i) Public awareness is more important than any other step. (Superlative)

(j) Then life in Dhaka city will be very enjoyable. (Exclamatory)


36. Change the sentences according to directions.

(a) Bangladesh is a small country but has a huge population. (simple)

(b) No other country is so densely populated as it. (superlative)

(c) Most people here live below the poverty line. (interrogative)

(d) They cannot 'therefore' afford to educate their children for poverty. (compound)

(e) Bangladesh needs educational institutions to provide for the increasing number of students. (complex)

(f) The government cannot fund the requisite number of educational institutions. (affirmative)

(g) Facilities in the educational institutions are poor. (exclamatory)

(h) Do the students get a standard education? (assertive)

(i) Sometimes institutions are closed down to avoid clashes between rival groups. (active)

(j) Such closures badly affect academic progress. (passive)


37. Change the sentences according to directions.

(a) The Royal Bengal Tiger lives in the Sundarbans. (Make complex sentence)

(b) Everybody knows about the Royal Bengal tiger of the Sundarbans. (Make negative sentence without changing the original meaning)

(c) It is one of the most ferocious animals in the Sundarbans. (Use comparative degree of adjective)

(d) It is known to all for its ferocity. (Use active voice)

(e) How dangerous the tiger is! (Make assertive sentence)

(f) Now the number of Royal Bengal tiger is decreasing. (Make negative sentence without changing the original meaning)

(g) As its breeding place is being destroyed, this species is decreasing day by day. (Make compound sentence)

(h) Many greedy hunters are killing them. (Use passive voice)

(i) The tiger is more demanding in the world market than any other animal. (Use positive degree of adjective)

(j) Let us take care of this world famous animal. (Use passive voice)


38. Change the sentences according to directions.

(a) Anger is nothing but a vice. (Int)

(b) It begets only the worst. (Neg)

(c) So, it should be controlled for our own sake. (Voice)

(d) An anger taken person causes a lot of troubles to himself. (Complex)

(e) Realizing it we should be emotionally balanced. (Compound) 

(f) An angry man is not liked by anybody. (Aff)

(g) An angry man is not so favourite as others. (Comparative)

(h) He is the most despised person in the society. (Posi)

(i) Nothing is more furious than anger. (Super)

(j) So,

51. Change the sentences according to directions.

(a)  Eid is one of the biggest religious festivals of the Muslims. (Positive) 

(b)  It is a very auspicious day. (Exclamatory) 

(c)  The Muslims keep fast during the month of Ramadan. (Interrogative) 

(d)  Nobody should look down upon the poor. (Passive) 

(e)  The rich people try to enjoy Eid in a different way. (Complex) 

(f)  Those who are helpless deserve our charity. (Simple) 

(g)  No festival is colourful as Eid. (Superlative) 

(h)  The day is enjoyed. (Active) 

(i)  How amazing the celebration is! (Assertive) 

(j)  Different TV channels telecast various programmes on this day. (Passive) 


52. Change the following sentences as directed in the bracket.

(a) Man is mortal. (Negative) 

(b) Nobody is absolutely happy on this earth. (Interrogative) 

(c) Everybody cannot but abide by the rules. (affirmative) 

(d) We should not kill time. (passive) 

(e) We are helped by others. (active) 

(f) Only man is a rational being. (Negative) 

(g) Those who are honest lead a happy life. (simple) 

(h) In spite of taking utmost care we cannot avoid indiscipline. (complex) 

(i) Simplicity is a very praiseworthy quality. (Exclamatory) 

(j) Very few people are as lucky as a simple man. (Superlative) 


53. Change the sentences according to direction.

(a) Once there lived a jealous queen. (Complex) 

(b) She had a step daughter named Jesmine. (Complex)  

(c) She was a very intelligent girl. (Exclamatory)

(d) The queen ordered her huntsmen to kill her. (Passive)

(e) Instead of killing her they left her in the forest. (Compound)

(f) Once a prince came to the forest. (Interrogative)

(g) He was attracted by her beauty as soon as he saw her. (Negative) 

(h) In fact she was more beautiful than most other girls he had ever seen. (Superlative)

(i) The prince fell in love with the girl and proposed to marry her. (Simple)

(j) She accepted the proposal gladly. (Negative)



54. Rewrite the following passage and transform the underlined sentences as directed.

(a) Who does not know Nazrul? (affirmative)

(b) Very few poets are so famous as he (superlative) 

(c) He was a rebellious poet (complex)

(d) When he was twelve years old, he performed well in literature. (simple).

(e) He knows that I am a good cricketer (passive).

(f) He never knew that the well-known writers in his days admired him greatly (compound).

(g) He was one of the most glorious poets in his age (positive)

(h) Students make a noise when the teacher is away. (simple)

(i) I love only you. (negative)

(j) He was the first boy in the class. (complex)


55. Change the sentences according to direction.

(a) No other sea beach in the world is as long as Cox's Bazar. (Use superlative degree of adjective)

(b) My friend invited me to pay a visit to Cox's Bazar. (Make interrogative sentence)

(c) I gladly accepted the invitation. (Use passive voice)

(d) I decided to go there during summer vacation. (Make complex sentence)

(e) When I reached there, my friend received me cordially. (Make compound sentence)

(f) I was taken to his house by him. (Use active voice)

(g) We went to the beach in the evening. (Make exclamatory sentence)

(h) I was very glad to see the sea-beach. (Make exclamatory sentence)

(i) We went there and saw the sun-set. (Make simple sentence)

(j) It was one of the most memorable visits in my life. (Use positive)



56. Change the sentences according to directions.

(a)  Charles Babbage was a British mathematician. (Make it negative without changing meaning)

(b) He was born on 26 December 1791, probably in London. (Make it compound)

(c) He was often unwell when he was a child. (Make it simple) 

(d) In 1810 he went to Cambridge University to satiate his interest in mathematics. (Make it complex)

(e) After graduation he was hired by the Royal Institution to lecture on calculus. (Make it active)

(f) In 1820s Babbage worked on his 'Difference Engine' a machine which could perform mathematical calculations. (Make it simple)

(g) His 'Difference Engine 2' was bigger and better than Difference Engine I. (Make it positive)

(h) His invention 'Analytical Engine' was a very complex machine. (Make it exclamatory)

(i) He is remembered for this invention as the pioneer of computer. (Make it active)

(j) He died in London at his home on 18 October 1817. (Make it complex)


57. Change the following sentences as they are directed.

(a) My elder sister who is an advocate lives in Dhaka. (simple) 

(b) Last summer she sent me a plane ticket. (Interrogative) 

(c) I arrived at the airport about an hour before the flight departed. (simple) 

(d) I was given a boarding card on which the number of the seat was written. (compound) 

(e) I got on board and found the seat. (simple) 

(f)  When all the passengers were in the door was closed. (simple) 

(g) I felt very excited. (exclamatory) 

(h) As it was my first flight I felt delighted. (compound) 

(i) After the plane had taken off, a hostess came to me. (simple) 

(j) She told me to fasten the seat belt. (passive)


58. Change the sentences according to directions.

(a) The dacoit not only robbed the poor house owner but also murdered him. (Simple)

(b) The house owner's wife raised a hue and cry to let her neighbours know the presence of the dacoit. (Complex)

(c) As soon as the neighbours heard the hue and cry, they rushed to the spot. (Negative) 

(d) The dacoit sensed the presence of the neighbours and attempted to flee. (Simple) 

(e) People handed over him to the police. (Passive voice)

(f) The police took the dacoit and kept him in the custody. (Simple)

(g) The dacoit was sent to the court next day. (Active voice)

(h) The court proved him guilty. (Complex)

(i) As he was proved guilty, he was sentenced to five years rigorous imprisonment. (Compound)

(j) The wife of the house owner became happy when she heard it. (Simple)


59. Change the sentences according to directions.

(a) Taimur was one of the greatest conquerors of the World (Make positive).

(b) Young Taimur once attacked the province of a powerful prince (Use passive voice). 

(c) He entered the kingdom of the prince and captured the large village (Make simple sentence).

(d) Taimur's soldiers were all killed by the army (Use active voice).

(e) He disguised himself as a poor traveller to survive (Make complex sentence).

(f) He came to a house to ask for something to eat (Make complex sentence).

(g) There lived an old woman in the house (Make complex sentence).

(h) The woman became sympathetic to see Taimur (Make compound sentence).

(i) The food was very hot (Make exclamatory sentence). 

(j) Taimur was too hungry to wait (Make compound).


60. Change the sentences according to directions.

(a) Very few persons are as famous as Columbus. (Superlative)

(b) He passed his early life in sorrows. (Negative) 

(c) He became a sailor in his boyhood. (Complex) 

(d) During his voyage on the Mediterranean, he went to many parts of Europe and Africa. (Complex) 

(e) There he came in contact with many people and learnt many things about them. (Simple) 

(f) During these voyages very often Columbus gazed at the vast sheet of unlimited water. (Compound)

(g) What a great explorer he was! (Assertive)

(h) Later on, he discovered America. (Complex) 

(i) He was one of the greatest explorers in the world. (Positive) 

(j) We now remember him with great respect. (Passive)


61. Change the sentences according to directions.

(a) How charming a moonlit night is! (Make it assertive) 

(b) It presents a beautiful sight. (Make it exclamatory) 

(c) It dazzles our eyes and soothes our heart. (Make it passive) 

(d) People of all ages enjoy a moonlit night. (Make it interrogative without changing meaning) 

(e) Little boys and girls make merriment and abuse themselves (Make it simple) 

(f) Poets of all languages have sung highly of a moonlit night. (Make it Complex)

(g) The visibility of beautiful nature at night makes the vision mysterious. (Make it complex)

(h) In winter a moonlit night appears the most magical. (Make it positive) 

(i) Without enjoying the beauty of moonlit night, one cannot tell about it. (Make it complex)

(j) In a word a moonlit night is very pleasant. (Make it negative without changing the meaning)


62. Change the sentences according to directions.

(a) All is well. (Complex)

(b) It should be solved. (Active)

(c) She is not as ugly as you said. (comparative)

(d) Very few women are as ugly as you said. (Superlative)

(e) It is nothing but a false idea. (Interrogative)

(f) Everybody depends on it. (Negative)

(g) Mother Teresa set up Nirmal Hridoy at Calcutta. (Compound)

(h) The man is not frugal. (Affirmative)

(i) Do or die. (Simple)

(j) It is said that he is great. (Active)


63. Change the sentences according to directions.

(a) In spite of strict laws against acid violence, the ghastly crime is on the rise in Bangladesh. (Make complex sentence)

(b) The policy regarding its import and sale is being ignored by businessmen. (Use active voice)

(c) Though we have reports of acid throwing in other countries too, the number of incidents is probably the highest in Bangladesh. (Make compound sentence)

(d) Experts say that three of five women a week are being burnt with acid in Bangladesh. (Make simple sentence)

(e) The criminals show no mercy in throwing acid to a face they were in love with a few days ago. (Make affirmative sentence)

(f) They become cruel to their beloveds. (Make negative sentence)

(g) They forget the face and throw acid to it. (Make simple sentence)

(h) The government should take stern action against the acid throwers. (Use passive voice).

(i) We should show sympathy towards the acid survivors. (Make Imperative sentence)

(j) We should come forward to save them. (Make complex sentence)


64. Change the sentences according to directions. 

(a) Wherever we may cast our eyes, we notice the achievement of science. (simple)

(b) The electricity lights both the streets and houses. (negative)

(c) The radio broadcasts news, songs and lectures. (passive)

(d) There is cinema to delight you in the evening. (complex) 

(e) Computer is the most important invention of modern science. (positive)

(f) We cannot go without it. (interrogative) 

(g) Internet is as important as computer. (comparative)

(h) It helps us to know about the world. (compound) 

(i) It is greater than all other inventions of modern science. (superlative)

(j) The invention of computer is a great miraculous event. (Exclamatory). 


65. Change the sentences according to the direction.

(a) The cuckoo is the bird of very shy nature. (Complex)

(b) It is not often found beside human habitation. (Affirmative)

(c) It sings only in spring. (Negative)

(d) Though they look black, they are adorable. (Simple)

(e) They lay eggs in the nest of crows. (Complex)

(f) They don't hatch their eggs because they are lazy. (Simple)

(g) The crow is too foolish to identify the eggs. (Negative)

(h) They can not but raise the baby cuckoos. (Passive)

(i) It is really an amazing matter. (Negative)

(j) Crows never understand the trick. (Interrogative)


66. Change the sentences according to directions.

(a) Strategy is more important than any other thing in the examination. (Superlative) 

(b) Any answer in the examination should not be elaborated. (Active)

(c) Getting the question paper, he should read through it carefully. (Complex) 

(d) At first glance the questions may not seem easy. (Affirmative). It becomes gradually easier.

(e) A Student should attempt to answer all the questions so that he may get good marks. (Simple) 

(f) When he answers all the questions, the examiner becomes glad seeing that. (Compound) 

(g) But, it is better than not answering at all. (Positive)

(h) It is sensible. (Interrogative)

(i) He should not waste time to do it. (Passive) 

(j) Only this process can bring a good result in a examination. (Negative)


67. Change the sentences according to directions.

(a) There are a good number of reasons why the students in Bangladesh fail in English. (Simple sentence)

(b) Because of English being a foreign language the students fail English in great number. (Complex sentence)

(c) Students seek the chances to cross barriers of examination. (Compound sentence) 

(d) English is the most fearful subject for them. (Positive degree) 

(e) We must develop the skill of the students in English. (Negative sentence) 

(f) We should teach our students methodically to remove their fear of English. (Complex sentence)

(g) Teachers can play an important role in this regard. (Passive voice) 

(h) Teachers should invent new ways of teaching. (Interrogative sentence)

(i) If they take care of their student's, they can teach them well. (Simple sentence) 

(j) It is true that students will learn from their teachers. (Compound sentence) 


68. Change the sentences according to directions :

(a) In 1271, Marco Polo who was fifteen years old, set out from Venice to China. (simple)

(b) The Polos were then visiting it at the request of Kublai Khan, the emperor of China. (compound)

(c) After passing many rough ways, Polos reached in China. (complex)

(d) Polo was wise and reliable and so the Khan made him his ambassador. (simple)

(e) They were received by Kublai Khan, Emperor himself. (voice)

(f) They faced problem nowhere on their way back to Italy. (Interrogative)

(g) When the Polos returned Italy, people could not recognize them. (simple)

(h) The Polos also found a different Italy. (negative)

(i) They introduced themselves to their people. (voice)

(j) Since then, Marco Polo is considered one of the most famous adventurous men in the world. (positive)


69. Change the sentences according to directions.

(a) Nobody is self-reliant in the world. (Affirmative)

(b) Everybody is needy. (Negative)

(c) If you do not earn money, you will not be able to live better. (Sample)

(d) We earn money to lead a happy life. (Compound)

(e) A lazy man cannot prosper in life. (Complex)

(f) Nobody likes a lazy man. (Complex)

(g) A lazy man cannot shine in life because he does not work. (Compound)

(h) He is responsible for his suffering. (Compound)

(i) He leads a very poor life. (Exclamatory)

(j) Nobody respects him. (Interrogative)


70. Change the sentences according to direction.

(a)  'Junk Food' is a food that has been produced for its pungent taste. (Simple)

(b) It is great fun to eat but it is not good for body. (Complex)

(c) It often contains added chemicals which make its taste soothing. (Compound)

(d) Junk Food lacks the vitamins and minerals. (Interrogative)

(e) We should avoid eating Junk food to keep us healthy. (Complex)

(f) If we eat Junk food regularly, we will suffer from different diseases. (Simple)

(g) Only balanced diet keep us healthy. (Negative)

(h) People who eat Junk food do not have the knowledge of health. (Simple)

(i) Eating Junk food must be avoided. (Active)

(j) How harmful Junk food is! (Assertive)


71. Change the sentences according to the directions in the brackets.

(a) We are grateful to the freedom fighters. (Negative.)

(b) Their contribution is greater than any other thing. (Positive)

(c) Many freedom fighters who died in the liberation war are called martyrs. (Compound)

(d) The National Memorial has been built with a view to paying tribute to their memories. (Complex) 

(e) A freedom fighter is the greatest son of this soil. (Comparative) 

(f) We got our independence for their sacrifice. (Interrogative)

(g) They fought bravely and snatched the red sun of independence. (Simple) 

(h) Though their weapons were ordinary, they had much courage in their mind. (Compound)

(i) Their contribution will never be forgotten. (Affirmative) 

(j) The present government has taken some steps to improve their condition. (Passive) 

72. Change the following sentences as directions. 

(a) Cox’s Bazar is the longest sea-beach in the world. (Positive). 

(b) Everyone knows this. (Interrogative)

(c) Tourists from home and abroad come to visit this beach every year. (Compound)

(d) They come here to enjoy themselves. (Complex)

(e) Our government is going to take some steps to make it more attractive. (Passive)

(f) I can walk miles at a stretch! (Negative) 

(g) He was cleverer than any other person in the company. (Positive)

(h) He was given a very hearty reception. (Exclamatory)

(i) A new school is a new experience. (Interrogative)

(j) He is not always wise. (Affirmative) 


73. Change the sentences according to directions.

(a) No other poet in Persia was as great as Sheikh Saadi. (Comparative)

(b) He was simple in his ways of life. (Negative)

(c) Once he was invited to the emperor's palace. (Active)

(d) He put on an ordinary dress and set out for the emperor's palace. (Simple)

(e) On the way, he took shelter in a courtier's house. (Complex)

(f) Seeing him in an ordinary dress, the courtier and his men did not show much honour and hospitality to him. (Compound)

(g) On his way back home' Saadi again took shelter in the same courtier's house. (Complex)

(h) This time he put on a very gorgeous dress. (Exclamatory)

(i) The courtier received him cordially and entertained him with rich and delicious foods. (Simple)

(j) The courtier's men were surprised to see Saadi's putting his foods in the pockets of his dress. (Complex)


74. Change the sentences according to directions.

(a) The teacher came to the class and started the lesson. (Simple)

(b) We heard a loud voice. (Passive voice)

(c) It is not uncommon. (Complex)

(d) No other thing is so important as true love. (Comparative) 

(e) They laid down their lives. (Negative) 

(f) Our young people raised a storm. (Interrogative) 

(g) Police fired and killed many of our protestors. (Simple) 

(h) Very few achievements are as great as our Mother Language Day. (Superlative) 

(i) We show our true love to our language martyrs. (Compound).

(j) It is our duty to protect this achievement. (Complex) 


75. Change the sentences according to directions.

(a)  Haji Muhammad Mohsin was a very kind man. (Negative) 

(b)  He was born in Hoogly. (Complex) 

(c)  He inherited a vast property from his father and sister. (Interrogative) 

(d)  He did not marry. (Affirmative) 

(e)  During his lifetime he spent money lavishly to help the poor. (Complex) 

(f)  He was so kind that he could not refuse anyone's request. (Compound) 

(g)  One night when he was saying his prayer, a thief broke into his room. (Simple) 

(h)  He caught the thief but did not punish him. (Simple) 

(i)  He was one of the generous men in the world. (Positive) 

(j)  We should follow him. (Imperative) 


76. Change the following sentences according to directions.

(a) We are proud of our freedom fighters. (Interrogative)

(b) Their contribution will always be remembered. (Negative) 

(c) Their sacrifice is greater than any other thing. (Positive)

(d) But today many of them lead a very miserable life. (Complex)

(e) If we take proper steps, their condition may improve. (Simple)

(f) Their allowance should be increased. (Active)

(g) We should respect them. (Passive)

(h) We should never forget their sacrifice. (Affirmative)

(i) Everybody should regard their sacrifice. (Negative)

(j) The freedom fighters are the real heroes. (Complex)


77. Change the sentences according to directions.

(a) Mango is one of the sweetest fruits in the world. (Make it comparative)

(b) Selling these mangoes, the people of North Bengal earn a lot of money. (Make it complex)

(c) All of us praise these mangoes. (Make it negative)

(d) Mangoes are ripe when it is the season of summer. (Make it compound sentence)

(e) Could I ever visit the mango orchards there! (Make it statement) 

(f) My dream came true. (Make it negative)

(g) I was invited to visit their house in Rajshahi by one of my friends. (Active) 

(h) I went there during summer. (Make it complex) 

(i) I bought a ticket and got into the train. (Make it simple) 

(j) The government has to give the owners loans on easy terms. (Make it passive) 


78. Change the sentences according to directions.

(a) A cook once roasted a duck for his master. (Use passive voice)

(b) The roast looked so delicious that the cook couldn't check his temptation to eat up one of the drumsticks. (Make simple)

(c) When his master sat down to eat, he quickly noticed the missing leg. (Make compound)

(d) The cook told him that the duck had one leg only. (Make negative)

(e) The cook insisted that this duck had only one leg. (Make simple)

(f) The master was annoyed with him. (Use active voice)

(g) He threatened the cook to be free from his job. (Make complex)

(h) Then the cook saw some ducks which were outside in the country yard. (Make simple)

(i) He drew the attention of his master to show him this. (Make compound)

(j) It put down its leg and ran off (Make simple)


79. Change the sentences according to directions.

(a) Once upon a time there was a king who was very fond of knowing his future from astrologers. (Make it compound)

(b) A good astrologer happened to stop at his capital on his way to Banaras. (Complex)

(c) The king called on him so that he could know his future. (Simple)

(d) The astrologer told something unpleasant. (Passive)

(e) The king said, "Man like you should not live." (Affirmative)

(f) "The stars declare that I shall die only a week before you, Your Majesty." (Simple)

(g) "I shall wait to receive you." (Complex)

(h) The king became so puzzled that he could not speak. (Simple)

(i) He turned pale. (Negative)

(j) Drive this wretch. (Passive)


80. Change the sentences according to direction.

(a) We are heading towards the extinction of the river. (Optative)

(b) But Bangladesh is called the riverine country of the river. (Complex)

(c) We, Bangladeshi don't know about it. (Imperative)

(d) Very few assets are as valuable as riverine wealth. (Superlative)

(e) It is time to consume riverine wealth. (Voice)

(f) Who doesn't like to avail this resource. (Assertive)

(g) By dragging it properly, we can widen its use. (Compound)

(h) Rivers should be utilized by taking proper steps. (Voice)

(i) Rivers are nothing but carry ill fate for the nearby people. (Affirmative)

(j) Irrigate it every year or destroy yourself. (Simple)


81. Change the sentences according to directions.

(a)  Bangladesh is one of the poorest countries in the world. (Positive) 

(b It is not possible for her to provide employment to all these people. (Affirmative) 

(c)  People can train themselves in different professions. (Passive) 

(d)  She can export manpower to other countries by training them on different professions. (Complex) 

(e)  In this way, she may earn a lot of foreign exchange. (Interrogative) 

(f)  Then she will remain to the position different from the present state. (Complex) 

(g)  Other nations must respect us (Negative) 

(h)  We are confident that Bangalee nation will be the leader of the world. (Compound) 

(i)  It will make her one of the most solvent countries in the world. (Comparative) 

(j)  We all shall be pleased with that condition of our dearest motherland. (Active) 


82. Change the sentences according to directions.

(a) Mustafiz is now an affluent man. (Negative)

(b) He has managed to turn the wheels of fortune through hard work. (Compound)

(c) His family was one of the poorest families in his village. (Positive)

(d) He left school at the age of fourteen. (Complex)

(e) He was forced to look for works by poverty. (Active)

(f) He tried his best to get a job. (Complex)

(g) He wanted to support himself and worked as a daily labourer. (Simple)

(h) Then he joined the training programme of youth development centre. (Interrogative)

(i) He worked hard so that he could attain success. (Simple)

(j) Prosperity is not possible without being industrious. (Affirmative)


83. Change the following sentence according to the direction given in the brackets. 

(a) Who does not want to succeed in life? (Assertive) 

(b) It is not an easy thing. (Affirmative) 

(c) Being industrious, everyone can prosper in life. (Negative) 

(d) The idle always lag behind. (Complex) 

(e) We must work hard so that we can earn money. (Simple)

(f) By working hard, we can improve our lot. (Compound)

(g) The light of prosperity can be seen by a hard working person. (Active) 

(h) Women should work as much as men. (Comparative)

(i) We should remember that industry is the key to success. (Passive) 

(j) An idle man leads a very miserable life. (Exclamatory)


84. Change the sentences according to directions.

(a)  Simplicity is a great virtue. (Interrogative) 

(b)  Everybody appreciates this quality. (Negative) 

(c)  It is a very praiseworthy quality. (Exclamatory) 

(d)  It is the best of all qualities. (Positive) 

(e)  One should practice this virtue. (Passive) 

(f)  Those who lead a simple life are happy. (Simple) 

(g)  Without practicing this quality, you can not earn people's favour. (Compound)