Simple to Compound

A simple sentence has only one clause. When you make it compound, you make two clauses. There are no hard and fast rules of transforming simple sentences into complex, but there is pattern in it. 

1. IN SPITE OF (BUT)

If a sentence has a phrase beginning with ‘IN SPITE OF’, we make it compound with the conjunction BUT. 

  • Simple: In spite of working hard, they failed in the exam.
  • Compound: They worked hard but failed in the exam.


Transform the following simple sentences into compound. 

(a) In spite of knowing their helpless conditions, they make their children farmer.

(b) He can't earn well in spite of working hard. 

(c) In spite of knowing their helpless conditions, they make their children farmers.


2. WITHOUT+GERUND (OR)

If a sentence has a phrase beginning with ‘WITHOUT+GERUND’, we make it compound with the conjunction OR. 

  • Simple: We cannot pass without studying well.
  • Compound: Study well or you cannot pass. 


Transform the following simple sentences into compound. 

(a) All despise him without considering his social status.

(b) Without going to school, you cannot learn. 


AND

Most other simple sentences are made compound with the conjunction AND.


3. TO/IN ORDER TO (Purpose) (AND)

  • Simple: They came here to enjoy themselves.
  • Compound: They came here and enjoyed themselves.


  • Simple: We should be aware to prevent air pollution.
  • Compound: We should be aware and prevent air pollution.


Transform the following simple sentences into complex. 

(a)  We should read books to gain knowledge.

(b) She reads more to flourish her dream.

(c) He wants to be a doctor to serve people.

(d) We have to remove poverty to check child abuse.

(e) Avoid anger in order to be happy. 


4. PRESENT PARTICIPLE/ PAST PARTICIPLE (AND)

  • Simple: After filling the jar with water, he returned home. 
  • Compound: He filled the jar with water, and he returned home. 


  • Simple: She found her son sitting by her bed with a glass of water.
  • Compound: Her son was sitting by her bed with a glass of water, and she found this.


Transform the following simple sentences into complex. 

(a) Watching violent scenes young people become violent.

(b) Once two women quarreled over a baby each claiming the baby as her own.

(c) I answered thanking her.

(d) By raising cows, we can earn a lot of money.

(e) But there are some other metals looking like gold. 


5. Prepositional Phrase of TIME/PLACE (AND)

Simple: Every year a book fair is held at Bangla Academy in Dhaka.

Compound: Every year a book fair is held at Bangla Academy, and it is in Dhaka.


  • Simple: We have rain during the monsoon.
  • Compound: We have rain, and it is during the monsoon.


Transform the following simple sentences into compound. 

(a) I went over during the interval.

(b) The Royal Bengal Tiger lives in the Sundarbans.

(c) London stands on the famous river Tames.

(d) I decided to go there during summer vacation. 


6. BY+GERUND (AND)

  • Simple: A man can prosper in life by working hard.
  • Compound: A man can work hard and prosper in life.


Transform the following simple sentences into compound. 

(a) By repeating this activity, they make a poor result.

(b) We become sick by drinking polluted water.


7. Predicative Adjective (AND)

  • Simple: Once there lived a jealous queen.
  • Compound: Once there lived a queen and he was jealous.


Transform the following simple sentences into compound. 

(a) He was a rebellious poet.

(b) An industrious boy will shine in life.

(c) An anger taken person causes a lot of troubles to himself. 


8. BECAUSE OF (AND)


  • Simple: He did well in the exam because of his working hard.
  • Compound: He worked hard and did well in the exam.


Transform the following simple sentences into compound. 

(a) Because of foreign language, the students fail in English.

(b) We respect her because of her honesty. 


9. TOO+ADJECTIVE+TO (AND)

  • Simple: The lady was too weak to walk.
  • Compound: The lady was very weak and could not walk.


Transform the following simple sentences into compound. 

(a) I was too young to say 'no' to a woman.

(b) He is too poor to pay the fees.