Rearranging Sentences: Answer
Read the following story and rearrange the sentences.
1.Two friends and a bear
Once upon a time two friends were passing by a forest. They were talking about their love for each other. Suddenly a bear came there. The first friend climbed up a tree. The later could not climb up a tree. He did not find any way. He lay down on the ground and feigned death. The bear smelt his ears, nose and face. He thought him to be dead. Then the bear went away.
3. Honest Farmer
There lived a farmer in a village. He had a few acres of land. The lands yielded him some crops.With that he supported his family with difficulty. So he always thought how he could and add to his income. One day he was walking through the fields. While walking he came across a purse of gold. He thought that it might have been dropped by a passerby. However ,he picked it up and carried it home. He showed it to his wife
4. Thirsty Crow
A crow was very thirsty and wanted to drink water. It flew one place to another in search of water and at last found a jar in a garden. There was some water in the jar but it was too low down and out of its reach.The crow tried to turn the jar over and over again but it had no effect. Then it decided to fly away in despair. As it was leaving the jar,it noticed a heap of pebbles. It hit upon a plan then and took some pebbles. Then it dropped the pebbles into the jar. As each pebble went down,the water in the jar rose up little by little. When the water came to the mouth of the jar the crow drank it.
5. Two Beggars
Once there lived a beggar in a city. He could not earn much by begging. So he thought how he could add to his income. One day an idea crossed of him. He though that he would have more money it pretended to be dumb.So one day he painted the word ‘dumb’ on a board. He hung it round his neck.Another beggar also lived in the city.He was jealous of him.He wanted to teach him a good lesson.
6. A Bad Man
There was a bad man in a village. But when he did any work, he would say “God had done it done by me. One day the bad man was stealing some mangoes from the garden of a neighbour. The owner of the garden saw him stealing the mangoes and he hurried to the garden. “Why are you stealing mangoes from my garden?” asked the owner of the garden. “Because God is getting it done by me,” replied the bad man. The owner of the garden said nothing. He took a stick and was waiting for the bad man till he came down from the tree. When the bad man came down, the owner of the garden caught hold of him and began to beat him with the stick. “Stop,” said the bad man. “What have I done to deserve it?”
7. In Search of an Honest Man
The Sultan was sitting on the throne. The wiseman was also sitting near him. As soon as the applications were assembled before the throne the Sultan said, “Gentlemen, I would like you to dance.” All the people blushed and refused to dance except one who danced cheerfully and well. The wise man pointed to him and said, “This is an honest man.” How did he know? He had placed sacks of money in the corridor. All dishonest men failed their pockets with the money when they were passing through to the Sultan. If they had danced,their pockets would have juggled. So they refused to dance.
8. In search of an honest man
Once there lived a sultan in a country. He wanted to appoint an honest man as his tax collector. Then he invited applications. A number of people applied for the job. So he asked for the wise counselor’s advice. The applicants were asked to meet the sultan one by one. They came through a passage where gold coins were kept. When all arrived, the sultan asked them to dance. All the applicants blushed and refused except one. Then he found the desired man.
9.The Pied Piper of Hamelin
A long time ago the town of Hamlin in Germany was faced with a great problem. It became full of rats. The people of the town came to the town hall. They said to the Mayor to do something about rats. The Mayor called a meeting of the councilors. The Mayor and the councilors talked abut the problem. But they could not find a way out. At that moment there was a knock at the door. The Mayor said, “Come in”. The stranger entered the hall.
10. The fisherman and the genie
Once there lived a fisherman in a village near a sea. He could barely support his wife and three children. Every day he used to go fishing early in the morning. But he never threw his net into the sea more than four times. One morning he threw his net into the sea as usual. He thought he had caught a large fish and so he felt very happy. But a moment later he saw that he no fish, rather only a dead donkey. He was very disappointed. He had just repaired his net and he noticed that the weight of the dead donkey had broken it in several places. Then the fisherman became angry.
11. Pied Piper of Hamelin
A long time ago the town of Hamelin in Germany was faced with a great problem. It became full of rats. The people of the town came to the Town Hall. They said to the Mayor to do something about rats. The Mayor called a meeting of the councilors. The Mayor and the Councillors talked about the problem. But they could not find a way out. At the moment there was a knock at the door. “Come in” the mayor called. The stranger entered the Hall.
12. Banker & Poor Neighbour
There lived a happy cobbler who passed his days working and singing morning till night. He had a rich neigbour who was a banker.One day the banker asked the cobbler, “How much a year do you earn?” The cobbler replied, “How much a year, sir? I have never counted in that way. As you can see; I live from hand to mouth but somehow, I mangae to have three meals everyday and I am happy”. The Banker said, “ I will put an end to your toiling. Take this money and keep them carefully and use them in time of need”. The cobbler had never seen so much money at a time in life before. He took the money, hurried back home and buried it in the earth,but alas!He burreid his happiness with it too.
13. Money kills sleep
A rich man went to the farmer with one thousand rupees in a bag. He said to him, "Look, my friend! I have brought one thousand rupees for you. Keep this money and remove your distress. The farmer was surprised. He took the bag of money from the rich man and thanked him. He said to himself, “one thousand rupees is a lot of money”. He could not think where to keep the money. He always thought that his money could be stolen any time.
Once there was a man named Aesop in Greece. He was famous for his fables on moral lessons. He was a slave in his early days but he was very religious minded. Once he was sold to a farmer who was lazy. On the first day Aesop found that his master did not say his morning prayer but slept till sunrise. He woke his master but he would not leave his bed. He asked Aesop to go to the held to work for him. Aesop woke his master next day too. But the master became very angry and gave him a bag of barley. He told him to go to the field and sow the seeds.
16.The sun and the wind quarrelling
Once upon a time, the sun and the wind had a quarrel.Each boasted that he was more powerful than the other.As neither would yield to other, they agreed to have contest to prove their strength.A traveller was passing by.They decided to try their strength on him.He who would take off the traveller’s clothes would be held as the winner of the contest.The wind had the first chance.He caused to blow a cold blast and then brought down a showed of rain.The poor traveller shivered and wrapped the cloth round him as closely as possible.Now the sun’s turn, and he shone brightly with rays so scorchingly hot that the traveler took of his cloth.
17. Dog & Two Crows
Once a dog was eating a bony piece of meat under a tree. A crow saw him and wished to eat that. It flew away and after some time returned with another crow. Both the crows went near the dog. One of them stared pecking the dog’s tail. The dog not only felt disturbed but also became angry. The dog dropped the bone and looked at the crow. In the mean time the other crow flew away with the bone. The dog ran after the crow but in vain. This made him sad and helpless.
Cinderella’s father and mother were both dead. She lived with her aunt. She had two daughters. They were both fate and ugly. The ugly sisters sat lazily in comfortable chairs all day trying to make themselves look less ugly. The aunt and her daughters hated Cinderella because she was beautiful. They made her do all the work in the house. She worked very hard but they always scolded her for not working hard enough. “You must work harder,” they said angrily. “You are a lazy girl.” Poor Cinderella stayed in the kitchen all day,washing the dishes and looking after the fire.
Once an Englishman named Lemuel Gulliver went on a voyage to the South Seas. On the way a violent storm wrecked the ship. The captain and all the sailors were thrown into the sea and drowned. He swam in the rough seas for hours, fighting bravely against the wind and the waves. Luckily, Gulliver managed to swim safely away from the wreckage. Finally the storm was over and the waves calmed down. Gulliver swam to an unknown land and stumbled onto the beach. There were no people or houses near the beach. Exhausted from swimming, Gulliver collapsed on the soft grass and fell fast asleep.He slept for two days.
20. A Crow and a Snake
A snake lived in a hole at the foot of a tree. High up on its branches was the nest of a crow. The crow had four young chicks in its nest. Whenever the crow would leave the nest to bring food for its chicks, the snake would climb up and eat one. In this way the snake ate up three of the chicks. The crow at last thought of a plan to get rid of its enemy. It stole an expensive necklace of the princes from the royal palace and dropped it into the snake's hole after scattering a few rubies here and there. The king became very angry at the loss and sent out men to look for the necklace. In course of time they noticed the scattered rubies near the hole. They dug the hole, killed the snake, and took the necklace.
One day Meena and her parrot Mithu, elimbed a tall tree to pick a mango. She picked the mango and took it to her mother. Although Meena had packed the manto, her mother gave the larger share of the fruit to Raju. Meena felt very disappointed. At dinner Meena noticed that Raju as usual had got an egg but she did not. Mother wanted to see if the childreen had washed their hands before they started eating. While they were outside washing their hands, Mithu divided the egg into two and put half of on Meena’s plate. Coming back, Raju was upset to see that half ofthe egg had gone. Mithu was not pleased to see that. Grandma thought that Raju as a boy child needed more food.
22. Astronomer Falling into Ditch
There lived an astronomer who very much involved in his observations. He often used to look up at the sky at night and start observing the stars. Once he walked looking up at the stars. He slipped and fell into a ditch. He started shouting. A passer-by heard his shouts and helped him out of the ditch. Then he asked, “How did you fall into this ditch?” Astronomer replied, “I was so engrossed in my observations that I did not notice the ditch”. The passerby asked, “How do you expect to discover things when you fall to take note of things under your nose? The astronomer walked away with a sad face.
23. ‘yes’, ‘no’ and ‘very well’
There lived a man in a certain village. He had a great attraction for English and so went to a teacher. The teacher began to teach him, but the man was dull-headed. His teacher tried his best to teach him. However after trying hard for a couple of months, the teacher released him. The man grasped only three English words. He learned ‘yes’, ‘no’ and ‘very well’. He used the three words while speaking with any man. But the man did not know their meaning. If anybody asked him any question or discussed a thing with him, he would say either ‘yes’ or ‘no’ or ‘very well’.
Next morning Meena told Mithu to light the fire. Raju found out that it was not easy to light the fire. The room was filled with smoke. Mithu started to laugh. When Raju tried to sweep the floor, the dust flew all over the place. He found that is was different to sweep as well. Meena took Lali the cow out to the field to graze. Meanwhile, the hungry chickens jumped all over Raju. Meena had fun in the field.She played with a kite while Lalli grazed.
25. Who will bell the cat
There was an old house in a village. There lived a number of mice in that house. They were doing a lot of mischief there. The master of the house was very annoyed and made a plan to get rid of the mice. He bought a cat to kill the mice. The mice were in great difficulty as they could not move freely as before. They held a meeting to discuss the matter and find a way to be free from this danger. Several proposals were made but none of the proposals was good. At last a young mouse rose to speak. He said, "Let us tie a bell round the cat's neck. Then we will be able to hear him coming."All the mice thanked the young mouse for his plan. But an old mouse stood up and said, "No doubt the idea is good. But who will tie the bell?" At this all remained silent, as there was none to tie the bell round the cat's neck.
26. King Lear
Long ago King Lear was rulling Britain. King Lear had three daughters. Their names were Goneril, Regan and Cordelia. Now Lear was a very old man. He was over eighty years old. He was tired of rulling his kingdom. He needed peace and rest. So he made up his mind to give up his throne and to divide his kingdom among his thre daugtehrs. But first he wanted to know much they love him. At first Lear asked his eldest daughter Goneril how much she loved him.
Once upon a time there lived a young man named Androcles. He was caught by a slave merchant who sold him to a rich man in another country. His master was very bad and inflicted heavy torture on him. Androcles was very home-sick. One day he fled from his master’s house and tool shelter in a cave. In the evening a lion entered the cave. The lion seemed wounded as he was groaning. He came near Androcles and lifted his paw. He took the lion’s paw in his hand and removed a big thorn from it. The lion was relieved of his pain.
The great ship Titanic sailed for New York from Southampton on April 10th, 1912. She was carrying 1316 passengers and a craw of 891. At that time, however, she was not only the largest ship that had been ever built. She was regarded as unsinkable, for she had sixteen water-tight compartments. The tragic sinking of this great liner will always be remembered, for she went down on her first voyage with heavy loss of life. Four days after setting out, while the Titanic was sailing across the ice-water of the North Atlantic a huge ice-berg was suddenly spotted by a look out. After the alarm had been given, the great ship turned sharply to avoid a collision. Suddenly there was slight trembling sound from below. The noise had been so faint that none thought that the ship had been damaged. The captain went down to see what happened.
30. Kazi Nazrul Islam
Our national poet, Kazi Nazrul Islam was born in 1306 BS at Churulia in Burdhwan. At the age of eleven he showed his poetic genius. In 1914 when the First World War broke out, he wanted to join the army. At last, at the age of nineteen he joined the army as an ordinary soldier on the side of the alliance.On his return from the battle field, he gave up the sword for the pen and began to write poems. He wrote a lot of poems, short stories, gagals, novels etc. and travelled all the branches of Bengali literature. His poems inspired our freedom fighters in the liberation war of Bangladesh. His famous poem ‘ Bidrohi’ stirred the whole nation. Then he was brought to Bangladesh from Kolkata and was declared our national poet. He died on 29 Agust, 1976.
Rabindranath was one of the greatest poets in the world. He was born in 1861 in Kolkhata in Jorasako Tagore family. He was a great teacher. He was also a philosopher, musician, novelist, and short story writer. He composed our National Anthem “Amar Sonar Bangla.” He achieved Nobel Prize in 1913 for the ‘Gitanjali’. He is the pride of our literature. He established Bengali in the history of the world. He breathed his last on 9th Agust, 1941. His name will remain alive so long as Bengali will have existence.
32. Rabindranath Tagore
Rabindranath Tagore was born at Jorasanko in Kolkata on 7 May 1861. His father was Maharshi Debendranath Tagore. He had no regular school education. He was educated at home by his father and the tutors. He was a man of versatile genius. He was a poet, a dramatist, a short story writer, a novelist and an essayist. Some of his best works are Gitanjali, Sonar Tari, Kheya and Balaka. He composed Gitanjali, a book of poems and won the Nobel Prize in 1913. He was a great patriot. He established a school at Santiniketan and afterwards founded the university Viswa Bharati.
William Shakespeare was born in 1564 at Strateford on-Avon in England. He received a sound basic education.But he never attended any college. Shakespeare was married at eighteen to a woman of twenty one. He had three children before he was twenty one. A few years later, he went to London. There he became an actor and a playwright. During the next ten years he composed his greatest plays. But this time he was thirty. He had become prosperous before he reached the age of thirty four.
34. William Shakespeare
William Shakespeare was one of the greatest poets and dramatists of the world. He was born on 23 April 1564 in the small village of Stratford on Avon. Shakespeare was interested in the theatre and very soon he became an actor. Shakespeare composed both tragedies and comedies. By 1592, he established himself as a dramatist of the age. In the next two years, Shakespeare wrote two long poems entitled: Venus and Adonis and Rape of Lucrace. In 1592, he became a member of the newly formed Lucre Chamberlains Company. He was ranked the greatest dramatist in 1598. He possessed property both in Stratford and in London.He retired sometime before 1613 and died in 1616 in Paris.
34. William Shakespeare
William Shakespeare was one of the greatest poets and dramatists of the world. He was born on 23 April 1564 in the small village of Stratford on Avon. Shakespeare was interested in the theatre and very soon he became an actor. Shakespeare composed both tragedies and comedies. His famous works are king Lear, Hamlet, Othello, Mac Beth, As you Like It, Romeo and Juliet, A Midsummer Night’s Dream, The Merchant of Venice. By 1592, he established himself as a dramatist of the age.In the next two years, Shakespeare wrote two long poems entitled: Venus and Adonis and Rape of Lucrace. In 1592, he became a member of the newly formed Lucre Chamberlains Company. He was ranked the greatest dramatist in 1598. He retired sometime before 1613 and died in 1616 in Paris.
William Shakespeare was born in 1564 at Stratford-on-Avon in England. He received a sound basic education. But he never attended any college. Shakespeare was married at eighteen to a woman of twenty-one. He had three children before he was twenty-one. A few years later, he went to London. There he became an actor and a playwright. During the next ten years, he composed his greatest plays. By this time, he was thirty. He had become prosperous before he reached the age of thirty-four.
35. William Somerset Maugham
William Somerset Maugham is one of the greatest short story writers of modem time. He was born in 1774 in Paris. He qualified as a doctor and this life had no charm for him. Soon he gave up medicine for literature. He made his first appearance in literature by writing Liza of Lambeth, his first novel. This brought for him a good name. It is realistic study on the life of low neighborhood in London. He wrote few other novels as well. Then he took to writing plays. Some of his well-known plays are MrsCardlac, Lady Frederick, etc.
35. William Somerset Maugham
William Somerset Maugham is regarded as one of the greatest short story writers of modern time. He was born in 1874 in Paris. He qualified as a doctor and this life had no charm for him. Soon he gave up medicine for literature. He made his first appearance in literature by writing Liza of Lambeth, his first novel. It was realistic study of the life of lowly neigbourhood in London. This brought for him a good name. He wrote a few other novels as well. Then he took to write plays. Some of his well-known plays are Mrs. Cardlac, Lady Frederic etc.
37. Charles Dickens
Charles Dickens was one of the greatest English novelists in the 19th century. He was born on February 7 in 1812 in Portsmouth. When he was a small boy, his father was sent to prison for debts. He could not go to school and receive education. Dickens had to work in a factory at the age of twelve . He never forgot his hard experience of his boyhood. By the time he was 25 years old, he had become well known as a writer of great talent. He wrote some of the best novels in English literature. Even during his lifetime, he was exceptionally popular. Dickens died on June 9, 1870.
38. Ibn Sina
Ibn Sina was born in 985 in Bukhara, in Iran. His full name was Abu Ali Sina. Ibn Sina is called the prince of medical science. His ‘Kanoon’ is the best recited book in the medical science. In his childhood his name and fame became famous all over the Persia Gulf area. In his young age, Ibn Sina came in contact with the philosopher, scientist, mathematician and astrologer of that nature. ‘Al Beroni’ Abu Shehol, Jurjani were among them. His reputation as a physician spread all places in his early age. The then State Government was acquainted with his fame. Sultan Mahmud,the king of Gajni,invited him to the royal court.
39. Begum Rokeya
Begum Rokeya was the pioneer for the woman to come out. She was born in 1810 in Rangpur. Being educated, she worked for women folk. She wanted to break the chain of keeping women inside home. Her husband Sakhawat Hossain encouraged her to do so. Begum Rokeya fought against all superstitions. She wrote many books like Padmarage, Motichur, etc. She set up many schools for the girls specially. She worked for social welfare till death. She died in 1932.
40. Sheikh Saadi& Robbers
Once Sheikh Saadi was going to Bagdad with a group of rich merchants. He had a bundle of books and some money with him. The merchants had their goods and a lot of money. They travelled for twelve days without any trouble. On the thirteenth day a gang of robbers attacked them. The robbers took away all the goods and money from the merchants. Then the leaders of the robbers came to Saddi. He ordered Saddi to give all he had to him. Sheikh Saddi handed him the bundle of books and also the little money he had without fear. Saadi then said, “I hope that you will make a good use of these books.
41. Poet and Unpaid Letter
An English poet was staying in Italy for the benefit of his health. During his stay he received an unpaid letter from his friend, which contained nothing but some words. The poet had to pay double postage, so he became very annoyed. He wanted to teach his friend a good lesson. So he procured a heavy stone and packed it up in a fine box. Then he sent it to his friend with the words on it “ Carriage to be paid on delivery.” He friend thought that the contents of the parcel were valuable, so he paid the heavy charge for carrying. With a great hope in mind he opened the box. To his utter surprise he found nothing but an ordinary stone. Thus he poet taught his friend a good lesson.
43. Alfred Nobel
Alfred Nobel was born on October 2, 1833 at Stockholm, Sweden. He was an engineer and chemist. His father Emanuel Nobel was an architect and researcher. He had ammunition business at Leningrad. In 1805 Alfred Nobel joined in his father’s company. After some years Alfred Nobel invented dynamite. He earned a lot of money from his dynamite business. He undertook a plan to give a reward for encouraging the creative work and for setting up peace in the world. This award was named after Alfred Nobel and it was called ‘Nobel Prize’. The Nobel Prize has been being given since 1901.
43. Gustave Eiffel
The Eiffel tower was named after Gustave Eiffel. He came of a rich family. He had his education in engineering. He used to work for a railway construction company. Gustave made plans of dams, factories, stations and structures of bug size construction. A world’s fair was held in Paris. Gustave proposed a 989 feet high tower of iron as a symbol of exhibition and lot people worked on it for two years. The tower was completed in March in 1889. It is still regarded as one of the wonders of the world. Millions of people visit the tower every year.
Pasteur was a French scientist. He discovered that many diseases are caused by germs and he also found cures for several of them. At first, he only treated animals, because he did not want to cause the death of any human being. He found a mad dog and injected some weak germs of its diseases into its blood. The dog was cured.One day a boy named Joseph Meister was brought to Pasteur. He had been bitten by mad dog. Pasture gave him some injections and the boy did not get dog’s disease. The news of Pasteur’s success spread all over the world. Other doctors began to study his work.
45. Albert Einstein
Albert Einstein was born in Germany in 1879. His father was a businessman. When the business failed, they moved to Millan. He completed his secondary education from a high school in Aarau. He got admitted in Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in 1896. He graduated in 1900. For the next couple of years, he taught mathmatics and physics in a secondary school. He obtained Ph. D degree from the University of Zurich. He received a regular appointment at the University of Zurich. In 1922, Einstein obtained Nobel Prize in Physics.
46. Einstein’s Simplicity
Einstein, the great scientist was very simple in his ways of life. Once the queen of Belgium invited him to Brussels.When he got down from the train at Brussels, he could not think that there were actually many gorgeously dressed officials to receive him at the station. The officials also expected to see somebody who would appear to be rich and aristocratic to them. They could never imagine that this shabby man would be Einstein himself. So they went back to the queen and informed her that he had not come by this train. Einstein, however, walked the whole way with a suitcase in one hand and a violin in the other. When he reached the destination, the queen said to him. “I sent a car for you, Dr. Einstein”. “I did not think that anybody would send a car for me” replied the great scientist, with a smile. “But I can assure you. I have greatly enjoyed the walk”.
47. Eiffel Tower
The Eiffel Tower was named after Gustave Eiffel. He comes of a rich family. He had his education in Engineering. He used to work for a railway construction company. Gustave made plans of dame, factories, stations and structures of big size construction. A world’s fair was held in Paris. Gastave proposed a 989 feet high tower of Iron as a symbol of exhibition and a lot of people worked on it for two years. The Tower was completed in March in 1889. It is still regarded as one of the wonders of the world. Million of people visit the tower every year.
48. Tomas Alva Edison
Tomas Alva Edison, the great American inventor, was born in the town of Millan,Ohio in 1847. He had only threee months of formal education during his boyhood. For most of his life, Edison suffered from seriously impaired hearing. His school master considered him retarded. He made a series of very useful inventions. Edison created his first invention, an electric volt-recorder, when he was only twenty years old. It did not sell welll. After that Edison concentrated on inventing objects that his expected would be readily marketable. The inventions made Edison both famous and rich. He died in West Orange ,New Jersy in 1931.
48. Thomas Alva Edison
A young boy of six or seven became the subject of talk in a village. Do you know who this boy was? He was Thomas Alva Edison. He was born in a village of Millan in the United Sates of America on the 11th February,1887. He was inquisitive about things around him. Soeometimes it was difficult to satisfy him with answers. People soon got tired when they talked to him. Because he was always asked, “Why ,why,why?” The boy often undertook some risky adventures. For example, once the boy set his father’s barn on fire only to see how it could burn. His father got angry for this kind of activity.But at the same time he was proud of the young boy. But his loving mother never felt annoyed with the boy.
49. Thomas Alva Edision
Thomas Alva Edision, the great American inventor, was born in the town of Milan, Ohio in 1847. He had only three months of formal education during his boyhood. For most of his life, Edision suffered from seriously impaired hearing. His school master considered him retarded. He made a series of very useful inventions. Edision made his first invention, an electric volt-recorder, when he was only twenty-one years old. It did not sell well. After that, Edision concentrated on inventing objects that he expected would be readily marketable. The inventions made Edision both famous and rich. He died in West Orange, New Jersy in 1931.
50. Dr. Alexander Fleming
Penicillin is a lifesaving medicine. It was discovered by Dr. Alexander Fleming. Fleming was born in a poor family in Scotland. He was seventh of the eight brothers and sisters. He passed his boyhood with his parents. Fleming was a very bright, attentive and regular student. He was never absent from school up to the age of twelve years. The school was four miles away from his home. He went to school and came back home on foot. He was sent to London at the age of fourteen for higher education.
Galileo was born on 15 February 1564, at Pisa, Italy. His father was a skilful musician and mathematician. He wanted to make his son a cloth-dealer. But Galileo had no taste for business.He showed at a very early age, an unusual talent for science. He persuaded his father to let him study medicine and philosophy at the University of Pisa. At the age of only seventeen he had invented an important scientific law-the law of pendulum. In 1609 Galileo heard of telescope invented by a Hans Lippershey, a maker of spectacles. He set to work on the day he heard of the Dutch telescope and made one of his own. Soon Galileo made more telescope with which he made many amazing discoveries about the sun and the moon and stars.
52. Hazrat Mohammad (Sm)
Hazrat Mohammad (Sm) was born in the Quaraish tribe of Makka in 570 AD. He was the greatest of all the prophets. His father Abdullah died before his birth. He was brought up by Halima in his childhood. Then he was brought up by his grandfather Abdul Mottalib. He was then brought up by his uncle Abu Taleb. Hazrat Mohammad (Sm) was truthful from his boyhood". He made an organization named Hil-Ful-Fujul at the age of 17. He married Khadija at the age of 25. He got 'Ohi' or revelation at the age of forty.
54. Abu Ben Adhem
Once upon a time there was an honest and pious man. His name was Abu Ben Adhem. He was once sleeping peacefully. Suddenly he woke up and saw an angel. The angel was writing the names of persons who loved God. He asked the angel if his name was there. In reply the angel said that his name was not there. Abu then requested him to put his name in the list because he loved mankind and his fellow brothers. The angel took down his request and went away. He again appeared the next night and showed Abu that his name was at the top of the list.
55. Hazrad Abdul QuaderJilani
It relates to an incident of Hazrad Abdul QuaderJilani’s childhood. He had to go to Baghdad to receive education. Baghdad was very far from his house. At the time of departure his mother said to him, “Never tell a lie.” Then travelling was not easy. He was going to Baghdad accompanied by a few merchants. A band of robbers fell upon then on the way. The chief of the robbers asked Abdul Quader, “What have you got with you?” The boy replied fearlessly, “I have got twenty gold coins?” He did not tell a lie even in danger.
56. Bayezid Bustami
OnceBayazid’smotherwasill. At mid night she woke up and wanted to drink water. Bauazid went to the kitchen to bring some water. But he found the pitcher empty. Then he went to bring water from the fountain which was far away from his house. When he came back home with water, he found his mother asleep. He didn’t want to disturb his ailing mother. So he remained standing before her the whole night. In the morning his mother got up and found Bayazid standing beside her. She embraced his son with deep love and prayed to Allah for him.
56. Bayezid Bustami
But there was no source of water near the house. The boy went out with the pitcher in search of water. There was a stream at a long distance. The boy went there and filled the pitcher with water. He returned home with the pitcher. He poured water in a glass and went to his mother. But she was in deep sleep. The boy kept standing beside her. The night was over and the mother opened her eyes. She saw her son standing by her bed with a glass of water.
57. Mother Teressa
You have heard the name of Mother Teressa. She was born in Yugoslavia in 1910. She was one of those people who dedicated their lives to the service of mankind. She swore to dedicate her life for the cause of helpless and poor people. When she was eighteen, she decided to be a nun and came to Calcutta. There she became a teacher of a school in Calcutta. She was on her heels for her services of mankind even at her old age. Soon her activities for the service of mankind spread all over the worldAs a recognition to her service, she was awarded Nobel Prize for peace in 1979. She was also given ‘Bharat Ratna Award’ in the following year.
A poor woman once came to Buddha. She asked him whether he could give her any medicine to restore her dead child to life. The holy man was touched by the great sorrow of the woman. He told her that there was only one medicine which could revive her son. He told her to bring a handful of mustard seeds from a house where death had never entered. The sorrowful mother went from door to door seeking the mustard seeds but at every door she met with sad replies. One said, “ I have lost my husband.” Another said, “Our youngest child died last year.” She returned with heavy heart to the great teachers and told him the result of her search. Then Buddha told her affectionately that she must not think much of her own grief since sorrow and death are common to all.
59. Ibn Batuta
You might have heard the name of Ibn Batuta. He traveled for more than thirty years. He wrote down all that he saw. He heard the name of Shah Jalal of Sylhet and decided to visit him. He boarded a ship for Chittagong.It took him about six months to reach Chittagong. From there he had to walk for another month to reach Sylhet. Outside the town of Sylhet two persons met him. They said that they were sent by Shah Jalal to receive him. Ibn Batuta became very pleased hearing it.
61. God is everywhere
A person once went to Sadhu and asked two questions. “Why do people say God is everywhere?” “I see Him nowhere, therefore, show me where He is.” “Why is man punished for crime, since he is not a free agent, but made to do as God wished?” The Sadhu took up a lump of earth and flung it at the head of the questioner. The man went to Judge and complained against Sadhu for having inflicted a severe pain in the head. The Judge has arrested the Sadhu and brought up for trial. As the accused stood on the dock, the judge said, “Why, instead of answering the complaint’s questions, did you throw a lump of earth at him?” The Sadhu replied, “The blow he recived with the lump was an answer to his questions.” He has told you that there is a pain in his head, let him show me the pain, and I shall show him God.
Socrates was the greatest Greek Philosopher. He was a man of uncouth appearance. He was married to Xanthippe, who had a reputation of being scold. He devoted himself to the investigation of virtue that makes a good citizen. He frequented public places and conversed with all and sundry. He interrogated those who had a reputation for wisdom and refuted them. He thus made enemies and was finally accused of impiety. He was condemned by a narrow majority of judges and sentenced to death by drinking a cup of hemlock. When the sentence was pronounced, he said to the judge, “Now I’m going to die and you to live. But only God knows which is better.” Socrates wrote nothing but the general method and tendency of his teaching are preserved in the Dialogues of Plato.
Aristotle was born in Greece. He was a son of a Royal Physician. His father wanted him to be a physician, but he never cherished to be so. He wanted to be a free thinker. As a result, from his childhood, he studied under a great free thinker Plato. Plato taught Aristotle according to his own way. Aristotle achieving his academic qualifications took the pen to write on different topics suitable for human civilization. He also wrote books on literature, Biology, Economics and Comparative Politics. ‘Politics’ is one of his famous books where we get the fullest development of his wisdom. He was called the “Father of Biology” because of his creativity.
64. Napolelon Banaparte
More than 170 years ago there lived in France one of the greatest soliders called Napolelon Banaparte. He was born in 1769. When he was young, he joined the France army as an ordinary soldier. He rose to a high position in the army by his good work and courage. He fought several wars with the neighboring countries and won victories over them. He grew very powerful and soon became the greatest man in the country. In 1804 he proclaimed himself to be the emperor. France under him was very powerful. He died in 1821. Yet the France men remember him with due respect.
Abraham Lincoln was among the greatest presidents of the United States of America. He was born in 1809. He rose from humble origin. He became great by his own efforts and perseverance. As a man he was very simple and kind. There were many Negro slaves in America in those days. During the time when he was president of America, a civil took war took place. The civil war occurred over the questions of slavery. It began in 1861 and continued for more than four years. He was always in favour of the slaves.
66. Sher-E-Bangla A. K. Fazlul Haque
The great leader of our country whom we love and admire is Sher-E-Bangla A.K.Fazlul Haque. From his boyhood, he was very meritorious boy. His father Kazi Wazed Ali was a famous renowned pleader in the Barisal Bar. One day Fazlul Haque was reading in his study. His father was passing by. He saw Fazlul Haque reading his lessons and tearing off the pages of his book one after another. He at once entered the room and said, “O my boy, don’t play with your book.” “I am not playing. I have already gone through these pages.” “So, I don’t need them at all” said he. His father wanted to test him.
68. Marco Polo
Marco Polo was born in 1256 in Venice. He was one of the greatest adventurous men. In 1271 he set out from Venice to China. He was then 15 years old. He was accompanied by his father and uncle. Actually at that time Journey was very difficult because of no speedy vechicles. For transport they had used ships, camels, horses and donkeys. They had travelled by land and sea. They also travelled over mountains and across deserts. It took the Polos over three years to reach China.
70. Dr.Muhammad Yunus
Dr.Muhammad Yunus was born in 1940 in Chittagong. He is the third of 14 children of his parents. He received his primary Education in Chittagong. He received his Ph.D from Vanderbilt University in USA. He was the head of Economics Department of Chittagong University. He is the founder of Grameen Bank. He is also the Managing Director of the Grameen Bank. In 1997, Professor Yunus organized the world’s first Micro-credit Summit in Washington D.C. He was awarded nobel peace prize in 2006. He is our pride.
70. Dr. Muhammad Yunus
Dr. Muhammad Yunus is one of the most renowned economists of Bangladesh. He is also the founder and Managing Director of the Grameen Bank. He was born in 1940 in Chittagong, the business centre of Eastern Bangladesh. He was educated in the port city and received his Ph-D from VanderbiltUniversity in the USA. On completion of his education, he joined teaching in the Chittagong University and became head of the Economics Department in 1972. Being very sympathetic man, Dr. Muhammad Yunus could feel the pitiable condition of millions of poverty stricken people living in rural areas. He came forward in order to extend his helping hands towards the wretched people and with this end in view, he founded the Grameen Bank. By setting up Grameen Bank he has created an opportunity of giving small loans to the helpless and landless rural people. As he has been trying for the establishment of peace in the minds of the neglected section of people by alleviating poverty, his effort is really praisewrthy. In recognition of his tremendous endeavour for the advancement of the poorer section, he has been awarded Nobel Prize for peace this year.
72. Fatema Ahmed
This year’s National Award for Teaching has been awarded to Mrs. Fatema.She is a teacher from Neel para primary school.She has been awarded the honour in recognition of her integrity and dedication.Fatema Ahmed was born in Jamalpur district in 1976.She started her career as a teacher in Jalilpur primary school.She taught there for three years.She then joined Neel para primary school after her marriage. She has always been interested in teaching.She is popular with her students.She is popular also with her colleagues in the same manner.
73. Hillary and Tenzing
The conquest of Everest was one of the greatest achievements of man. Sir Edmund Hillary and TenzingTorkay accomplished this achievement on May 10, 1953. Many expeditions had been led to conquer Mount Everest before the expedition of Tenzing and Hillary. But they became unsuccessful and many climbers lost their lives. Only Hillary and Tenzing reached that height. Hillary and Tenzing started their expedition on March 10, 1953. They started climbing by setting up camps at different places leaving some of their men and supplies there. Ignoring all odds and difficulties they continued climbing and set up their last camp at 2700 feet. But the top was still 2000 feet away. With renewed vigour and courage they went on climbing and eventually succeeded in reaching the top on May 10.
74. Hatem Tai
Long ago there lived a very kind and generous man in Yemen. The name of that man was Hatem Tai. He was not rich but he was very hospitable. One day the king gave a dinner. The Guests praised the king. So the king felt happy and proud. But the guests praised Hatem Tai also. People praised him more than their king. This made the king angry. So the king wanted to have him removed from the world.
75. Robert Bruce
Robert Bruce was the king of Scotland. He regained over the country well and his subjects were happy under his rule. The greedy king of England attacked Scotland to grab his territory. He tried his best to uphold the independence but fortune did not smile upon him. After repeated defeats, he has to take shelter in a lonely cave. There he saw a spider trying to reach the ceiling with the help of its silken thread to complete the cobweb. The spider tried again and again to go up but dropped down every time, still it went on trying. Bruce observed that the spider came out successful in its twentieth attempt. He saw a ray of hope from the struggle and thought that if the spider did not accept defeat why should he? Filled with new hope he brought together his scattered forces and finally succeeded in defeating his enemies.
76. Alexander & Porus
Alexander the king of Mecedon, crossed the Khaibarpass and reached India. Then he came to the plain of Panjab. There ruled a king name Porus. Porus came forward with his men and arms to defend his land. But unfortunately he was defeated and was prisoned. He was brought before Alexander. Alexander asked him how he would like to be treated. “Like a king” was the reply from porus. Alexander was pleased with Porus for his bold reply. He allowed him to rule the country as before.
Taimur was one of the greatest conquerors of the world. Once he attacked the province of a powerful prince. He entered the kingdom of the prince and captured a large village. The village was situated for away from the capital. The prince heard the news. He came with a large army. His soldiers surrounded the village on all sides. Taimur’s soldiers were all killed. Taimur disguised himself as a poor traveller. Thus he saved his lie.
78. Giasuddin Azam
Long ago, there was a Sultan in Bengal. He name was Giasuddin Azam.He was very just and kind ruler.His capital was Sonargaon near Dhaka.The Sultan’s hobby was hunting.One day he was on hunting in the jungle.He shot an arrow aiming at a fawn.The arrow missed aim.By chance it pierced a boy standing in the jungle.The boy instantly died.
79. King &Revolt
An emperor was once informed that people in one of his provinces had revolted. Hearing this, he called his generals and said, “We will destroy all our enemies.” When they reached the province all the rebels surrendered and begged to be pardoned. The generals thought the emperor would kill all the rebels. But they were surprised to see that the emperor began to treat the rebels as friends. The generals went to the King. And they reminded him that it was to destroy the enemies not to forgive them. They asked him, “Your Majesty, why are you not keeping your promise?” The Emperor smiled and said, “My worthy Generals, I remember my promise very well.” “I meant to kill all my enemies, not friends and the rebels have become my friends.”
English is an international language. It is regarded as second language almost in every country of the world. Its importance can easily be understood. There are some jobs like that of a pilot, a telephone operator or a tourist guide and the like which require men who know English. A foreign office cannot function without English knowing persons. To keep communion with people of the English-speaking world, learning of English is a must. Besides, learning English at the secondary stage is very helpful for higher studies. We will be able to enjoy good authors. Then a proficiency in this language can help us become better understood and more capable of expressing our feelings. A deeper understanding of this language can also bring us much pleasure.