1. Underline the participle in each of the following sentences and say whether it is a 'present', 'past', or 'perfect participle'.
(a) A burnt child dreads the fire.
(b) I don't like to see singing birds in cages.
(c) I saw the man walking down the street.
(d) The sun having set, we went home.
(e) I went out having forgotten him.
(f) He is a retired government officer.
(g) The wounded man was sent to hospital.
(h) The teacher told us an amusing story.
(i) The hero was welcomed home by cheering crowds.
(j) The gentleman died leaving four sons behind.
Participles as Adjectives
2. Choose the correct form of the participles used as 'adjectives' in the following sentences.
(a) The ---------- (trembling/trembled) children were given a blanket for warmth.
(b) When James noticed the ---------- (burning/burnt) building, he notified the fire department immediately.
(c) We saw the ---------- (advancing/advanced) army from across town.
(d) The ---------- (cleaning/cleaned) shoes were placed in the sun to dry.
(e) As we entered the ---------- (crowding/crowded) room, I noticed my cousins.
(f) The wind made such ---------- (frightening/frightened) noises that the children ran to their parents' room.
(g) The ---------- (blowing/blown) wind of the hurricane damaged the waterfront property.
(h) The ---------- (exciting/excited) passengers jumped into the lifeboats when notified that the ship was sinking.
(i) The ---------- (interesting/interested) tennis match caused a great deal of excitement.
(j) Mrs. Harris's ---------- (approving/approved) smile let us know that our speeches were well done.
3. Fill in the blanks with the correct participle form of the verbs given in brackets:
(a) The letters---------- (sign) by the headmaster were sent to the guardians.
(b) The girl---------- (sing) in the party has a chance to get the first prize.
(c) The letter---------- (write) by him is lengthy.
(d) People---------- (need) a hospital in the locality have applied.
(e) The teachers---------- (teach) in our school are qualified.
(f) The solar cooker ---------- (make) in the 1970's in Bangladesh has earned much popularity.
(g) The advertisement---------- (display) on the notice board is now missing.
(h) Lessons ---------- (learn) easily are soon forgotten.
(i) The daffodils---------- (bloom) in the morning wither away before noon.
(j) The school building ---------- (paint) white looks beautiful.
4. Combine the following sentences by using 'present participle'.
(a) He finished the work. He submitted the bill.
(b) We stand in front of the graves. We bow down our heads in respects.
(c) They saw a drunken man. He was lying on the floor.
(d) The teacher told us a story. It was interesting.
(e) The weather was very cold. They could not go to school.
(f) The boys saw a snake. They ran away in fear.
(g) The man closed the door. He went back to work.
(h) I looked at the fading flower. I was sad.
(i) I saw a girl. She was carrying water.
(j) The guests stood still. They listened to the song.
5. Combine the following sentences by using 'past participle'.
(a) A windmill was set up by the BUET. The windmill was experimental.
(b) The building was constructed fifty years ago. The building collapsed last week.
(c) A tree was felled across the road. The tree caused a heavy traffic block.
(d) The car was repaired by a good mechanic. It is now running well.
(e) Firewood is burnt for cooking in village. This is causing much harm to our agriculture.
(f) The book was published in 1882. It has been revised by the author.
(g) The car has been imported from Japan. It is running well.
(h) The dramas are written by Shakespeare. They are interesting.
(i) The letter was sent by him to me. It reached me yesterday.
(j) The boy was bitten by a mad dog. He has been hospitalized.
6. Combine the following sentences by using 'present participle' or 'past participle'.
(a) The art was drawn by Simi. It got national award.
(b) Join the following pair of sentences using present participle/ past participle.
(c) The lecture was delivered by the headmaster. It charmed us all.
(d) The book is written by our English teacher. The book is very useful to us.
(e) The poor boy finished his cry. He fell asleep
(f) The girl heard the news. She fainted.
(g) The money was sent by my father. It was insufficient.
(h) They found a man on the street. He was sleeping.
(i) The book was published in 1885. It is being revised. 8.1 saw the boy. He was reading a book.
(j) The car was bought by Mr. Rahman. It is not running well.
7. Combine the following sentences by using 'present participle' or 'past participle'.
(b) The boy ate rice. He started for school.
(c) She read my letter. She wrote to me in reply.
(d) I had missed the train. I hurried to the station.
(e) They had seen the scenery. They were delighted.
(f) I answered. I thanked her.
(g) I pulled the brake. I stopped the car.
(h) He sat on a chair. He was reading a book.
(i) I saw the man. He was walking down the street.
(j) The building was painted white. It looked beautiful.
8. Combine the following sentences by using 'present participle' or 'past participle'.
(a) The girl pulled down her hair. She let it fall to her knee.
(b) Mr. Ahmed is a doctor. He works in the Middle East.
(c) He had eaten his meal. He went to bed.
(d) He entered the room. He lighted the candle.
(a) The thief was caught by the police. He was sent to jail.
(e) The house was built by my grandfather. It grew old.
(f) The house was built forty years ago. It should be repaired now.
(g) The tree fell across the road. It caused a heavy traffic block.
(h) The car was repaired by a good mechanic. It is now running well.
(i) The book was published in 1982. It has now been revised by the authors.
(j) I watched the train. It was leaving the station.
9. Replace the Relative clauses in the following sentences with 'present participle'.
(a) People who are waiting for the train may buy tickets now.
(b) Ladies who wear showy dresses draw the attention of others.
(c) The village women who work together usually gossip.
(d) People who wait for a train usually go to the nearby tea shop.
(e) A letter which orders some books has been sent.
(f) The water that flows through the pipe is dirty.
(g) The man who is working in the school is my uncle.
(h) People who wait for the train often go to the nearby teashop.
(i) Passengers who wish to buy something for lunch are asked to do so quickly.
(j) A notice which asks the players to return their jerseys was hung on the noticeboard.
10. Replace the Relative clauses in the following sentences with 'past participle'.
(a) The road which has been repaired by the villagers is very useful to them
(b) The pictures which are drawn on the wall do not attract me.
(c) The land which was purchased by Mr. Frost is very costly.
(d) The programme which was announced earlier has been changed.
(e) The law that was formed to check corruption is of no use now.
11. Replace the Relative clauses in the following sentences with 'present participle' or 'past participle'.
(a) The jute that grows in Bangladesh is the best in quality.
(b) Villagers who are using firewood as fuel are destroying the country's forests.
(c) Firewood which is burnt for cooking pollutes the air.
(d) Ninety per cent of our people who live in villages depend on agriculture.
(e) Students who desire to study medicine must study biology at the H. S. C. level.
(f) Cow dung which is used as manure is also uses as fuel.
(g) The kite that is sitting on the branch of the tree swooped on her cake.
(h) The shirt that was bought was costly.
(i) The book that was published last year has been revised.
(j) The car which was bought ten years ago is working well.