Gerund & Verbal Noun

What is gerund? What is verbal noun?



Gerund:


If an -ing form of verb functions as a noun, we call it GERUND.


GERUND=VERB+ING=NOUN


Like a noun, gerund does the job of a subject, object, and subject complement.


Functions of Gerund:


(a) Subjects of Verbs:

Learning makes a full man. 
Walking is a good exercise. 


(b) Objects of Verbs:

I love dancing.
I hate telling lies. 


(c) Objects of prepositions:

I am fond of dancing
None can live without eating


(d) Subject Complements:

Seeing is believing.
My hobby is reading


(d) Compound Noun:

The frying pan is new. 
She's in the swimming pool.

 

Verbal Noun: 

Verbal nouns are formed from verbs. All the gerunds are verbal nouns. (But all the verbal nouns are not gerunds) Apart from gerunds, there are two more types of verbal nouns. 


Formation of Verbal Nouns:


1. Verbal nouns are formed by adding -ING to the base form of verbs.
Verbal Noun = Verb + ING=Noun

Cats love sleeping
Singing is a good pastime. 

2. Some Verbal nouns are formed by adding the before a gerund and of after it. 
Verbal Noun: The + -ING Verb + of 
I love the singing of Bonya. 
The setting of the sun marks the end of the day. 

3. Some verbal nouns are formed by adding suffixes to the base form of the verb. 

Verbal Noun: Verb + Suffix 

avoid + ance = avoidance
Your avoidance makes him sad. 

judge + ment
I like his judgement.

Using Possessive before Gerunds: