1. Point out the gerunds in the following sentences and state whether it is Subject, Object, Complement or used after a preposition.
(a) Habib is fond of swimming but Hasan prefers dancing.
(b) Rahim doesn't like singing very much.
(c) Mr. Ahmed likes gardening.
(d) Riding on a horse is exciting.
(e) He was punished for telling a lie.
(f) By reading book you can make good result.
(g) Swimming is a good exercise.
(h) You will only succeed by trying hard.
(i) We spend the afternoon in playing cards.
(j) The miser spends his time in making money.
2. Point out the gerunds in the following sentences and state whether it is Subject, Object, Complement or used after a preposition.
(a) I like swimming very much.
(b) Jolly loves playing with dolls.
(c) Every Friday afternoon we have singing.
(d) He likes reading poetry.
(e) By eating a balanced diet one can keep fit.
3. Re-write the following sentences using Gerunds:
(a) To steal is wrong.
(b) To cross that bridge is not safe.
(c) To play with fire is dangerous.
(d) To go by bus would be best.
(e) To see in the dark is difficult.
(f) To meet you is pleasant.
(g) To waste money is foolish.
(h) To call people names is not polite.
(i) To live without air is impossible.
(j) To read your writing is difficult.
4. Join each of the following pairs of sentences using By+ Gerund:
(b) Read attentively. You can learn well.
(c) Grow more pulses. You can get more protein.
(d) Eat rice and bread. You can get carbohydrate.
(e) Eat vegetables and fruit. You can get vitamins.
(f) Eat a balanced diet. You can live well.
(g) Eat oil and butter. You can get fats.
(h) Drink milk. You can get vitamins.
(a) Look at a watch. Know the time.
(b) Keep an open mind. You can understand people.
(c) Be punctual. You will be praised.
(d) Drink clean water. You can keep in good health.
(e) Eat proper food. You can remain healthy.
(f) Trust people. You will be trusted by them.
(g) Practise speaking. You will learn to speak well.
(h) Practise writing. You will learn to write quickly.