Direct to Indirect Speech of Interrogative Sentence

Objective: By the end of the lesson you will have learnt changing the reported speech of question into indirect speech.

General Rules

(a) Reporting verb is changed into ask or enquire of.

(b) If or whether is used as a linking word.

(c) The auxiliary verb in the reported speech is used after the subject.

(d) If the sentence begins with who, which, what, how, when, where, why, etc., these are not changed and if or whether is not used.

Note: The indirect speech becomes a statement, and no question mark is used.

Examples


Direct: Nadim said to Nadia, "Are you reading now?”
Indirect: Nadim asked Nadia if she was reading then.
Direct: The boy said to Hafiz, “Will you help me?”
Indirect: The boy asked Hafiz whether he would help him.
Direct: The man said to Shaila, “What is your name?”
Indirect: The man asked Shaila what her name was.
Direct: Karim said to Asif, “When will you return to me?”
Indirect: Karim asked Asif when he (A) would return to him (K).
Direct: The man said to his brother, "Can you do it alone?"
Indirect: The man asked his brother if he could do it alone.
Direct: The lady said to her husband, “How did you manage it?"
Indirect: The lady asked her husband how he had managed it.
Direct: He said to me, "Do you know me?"
Indirect: He asked me if I knew him.
Direct: He said to me, "Do you not go there?"
Indirect: He asked me if I did not go there.
Direct: He said to me, "Why did you go there?"
Indirect: He asked me why I had gone there.
Direct: He said to Nadia, "Why did you not go there?"
Indirect: He asked me why I had not gone there.
Direct: He said to me, "What makes you laugh?"
Indirect: He said to me what made me laugh.
Direct: He said to her, "Who are you? What do you want?"
Indirect: He asked her who she was and what she wanted.



Sentence
Reporting Verb
Linking Word
Yes/ No Question
ask
if
Wh-question
ask
wh-word