Transformation of Sentences Exercise HSC

Transformation of Sentences

1. Read the text and change the sentences as directed :

(a) Cricket is a very exciting game. (Make it exclamatory)

(b) People of all ages enjoy this game. (Make it passive)

(c) At present, cricket is the most popular game in our country. (Make it comparative)

(d) Though cricket is a costly game, people of all classes enjoy playing it. (Make it simple)

(e) Bangladesh is a test playing country, but its standard is not high. (Make it complex)

 

2. Read the text and change the sentences as directed: 

(a) Cox's Bazar sea-beach is the largest sea-beach in the world (Complex). 

(b) It is one of the most beautiful sea-beaches in the world (Positive). 

(c) It is called pleasure seekers' paradise (Active).

(d) The visitors go there to enjoy natural beauties (Compound). 

(e) Those who become tired may go to relax there (Simple).

 

3. Read the following passage and change the sentences as directed: 

(a) Health is wealth (Make it complex)

(b) A healthy poor man is happier than a sick moneyed man. (Make it positive)

(c) When a healthy man is an asset to his family, an unhealthy man is a liability. (Make it compound) 

(d) He caused in life (Make it interrogative)

(e) Everybody must be conscious of health (Make it negative) 

 

4. Read the text and change the sentences as directed:

Frugality is a good habit.

(a) A man who is frugal does not like to spend money without reasons (Simple).

(b) The target of a frugal man is to save money for future (Make it Complex).

(c) Everyone should practise frugality to make a well-planned family (Make it Passive).

(d) A frugal man lives a solvent life (Make it Negative).

(e) A frugal man is happier than a prodigal man (Make it Positive).



5. Read the text and change the sentences as directed:

Success never comes automatically.

(a) We work hard to attain success in our life. (Complex)

(b) Peace and prosperity is not possible without being industrious. (Affirmative)

(c) A man who leads an idle life, brings misery for his life. (Simple)

(d) He can never help the people of the society. (Passive) Such kind of man is the burden on the society.

(e) Everybody abhors him. (Negative)

 

6. Read the text and change the sentences as directed : 

(a) Tea is the most popular drink. (Comparative)

(b) Tea helps us remove our fatigue. (Passive) 

(c) Almost everyone enjoys tea. (Negative)

(d) Bangladesh is one of the tea producing countries. (Compound) 

(e) Bangladesh exports tea and earns a lot of foreign exchange. (Simple)

 

7. Read the text and change the sentences as directed:

Anger is nothing but a vice.

(a) It begets only the worst. (Negative)

(b) Anger is one of the most inhuman vices. (Positive)

(c) So, we should control it for our own sake. (Passive)

(d) He who is taken by anger causes a lot of troubles. (Simple)

(e) Realizing it, we should try to be emotionally balanced. (Complex)

 

8. Read the text and change the sentences as directed: 

Bangladeshi developers can build modern robots like Sophia using its software.

(a) The humanoid robot, Sophia is one of the newest sensations in the ICT world. (Make it positive)

(b) Honourable Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina met Sophia at the inaugural ceremony of the four-day-long digital world expo. (Make it passive)

(c) The Hong Kong-based robotics company developed Sophia one and a half years ago. (Make it complex)

(d) Wearing a yellow Jamdani top and skirt, the robot came on the stage. (Make it compound).

(e) What an enthusiasm the robot generated among the youth! (Make it assertive).

 

9. Read the text and change the sentences as directed:

(a) Water, an important vital element of environment, is polluted in various ways (complex). It is called life.

(b) The water which is pure is necessary for us (simple).

(c) Men pollute water by throwing waste in it (compound).

(d) The farmers use water in time of cultivation largely (passive).

(e) It is one of the most important elements for all living beings (positive).

 

10. Read the text and change the sentences as directed:

(a) Long ago, there was a king who was very wise (Make it simple).

(b) People called him wise Solomon (Make it passive).

(c) Actually, at that time he was the wisest of all (Make it comparative).

(d) There was another ruler also named Queen of Sheba (Make it complex).

(e) One day, she thought Solomon's wisdom should not remain untested (Make it affirmative).

 

11. Read the text and change the sentences as directed: 

(a) Jim and Della sacrificed their dearest possessions in order to buy Christmas presents for each other (Compound).

(b) Della had an ardent desire to give her husband a worthy gift (Complex).

(c) Jim also thought how he could give his wife a nice gift (Simple).

(d) Della saved a scanty amount of money for this (Passive).

(e) Jim was one of the sincerest husbands that we have ever known (Positive).

 

12. Transform the sentences as directed:

(a) Helal refused the money. (Negative)

(b) Nasir earnestly desires to see her once. (Exclamatory) 

(c) The house which I live in at present is comfortable. (Simple)

(d) He delivered a speech, and everybody admired it. (Simple).

(e) It disturbed him, but he did not know the reason. (Complex). 

 

13. Read the text and change the sentences as directed: 

The Tajmahal, the unique tomb, is the 7th wonder of the world.

(a) It was three hundred years ago since emperor Shah Jahan built the Taj. (Make it simple).

(b) As he loved his wife Mamtaj very much, he built it as a tomb of de wife (Make it compound).

(c) The building was made with fine white marbles. (Make it active).

(d) It rests on platform of red stone, therefore it looks very nice. (Make it complex).

(e) The Tajmahal is one of the most beautiful buildings in the world. (Make it positive). Many tourists come here to enjoy the scenery of the Taj.

 

14. Read the following passage and change the sentences as directed:

(a) Cricket is a very exciting game. (Exclamatory) 

(b) People of all ages enjoy this game. (Passive)

(c) At present, cricket is the most popular game in our country. (Positive) 

(d) Bangladesh is one of the weakest Test Playing Countries. (Comparative) So, most of the people do not watching test cricket.

(e) They are fond of watching "Twenty-twenty" cricket. (Interrogative) 

 

15. Read the following passage and change the sentences:

(a) I read Nazneen's letter published on 5 January (complex).

(b) I can understand her problems (compound).

(c) Nazneen thinks that things are always rosy in a nuclear family (Simple).

(d) She admires the advantages of a nuclear family (passive).

(e) But how mistaken she is! (assertive).

 

16. Read the following passage and change the sentences as directed in brackets:

I was extremely tired.

(a) I lay down on the grass which was very soft and short. (Compound)

(b) When I woke up, it was day light. (Simple).

(c) I attempted to rise but could not. (Complex)

(d) I was strongly fastened to the ground (Active voice) I could only look upwards. I could see nothing except the sky.

(e) The sun grew hot, and its bright light hurt my eyes (Complex)

 

17. Read the following passage and change the sentences as directed:

(a) Once a cook roasted a duck for his master. (Passive)

(b) The roast looked so delicious that he could not resist his temptation. (Simple) So, he ate one of the drumsticks.

(c) As soon as the master sat down to eat, he noticed the missing leg (Negative)

(d) He asked him about the missing leg. (Complex)

(e) It is quite impossible to convince anybody with an implausible answer. (Exclamatory)

 

18. Read the text and change the sentences as directed: 

You must have heard the name of Bayazid Bostami.

(a) He was one of the greatest saints of Islam. (Positive) One night he was learning his lessons.

(b) At that time, his mother asked him for a glass of water. (Passive)

(c) There was no drinking water in the house, so he went out to fetch it. (Complex)

(d) When he came back, he found his mother sleeping. (Compound) Thèn he passed the whole night standing with a glass of water beside his mother.

(e) He showed a great love and respect to his mother. (Exclamatory) 

 

19. Read the text and change the sentences according to the direction: 

(a) Anger is nothing but a vice. (Interrogative)

(b) It is compared to flame. It begets only the worst. (Negative)

(c) So, we should control it for our sake. (Passive)

(d) He who is taken by anger causes a lot of troubles. (Simple)

(e) Realizing it, we should try to be emotionally balanced. (Compound)

 

20. Read the following Passage and change the sentences as directed: 

(a) Jerry was a small boy who lived in the orphanage. (Simple)

(b) He was the strongest of all the boys (Positives). He used to cut wood for the writer.

(c) He also did some unnecessary things for her. (Passive).

(d) His mother visited him at the orphanage in autumn. (Complex)

(e) One morning the writer was awakened by the sound of his tapping on the door (Active). She did not say anything, though she was disturbed.

 

21. Read the following sentences and change them as directed in the brackets:

(a) Tell me your age. (Complex) 

(b) Some poets are at least as great as Tennyson. (Superlative) 

(c) What though the field be lost? (Assertive) 

(d) My watch was lost. (Active) 

(e) He confessed that he was guilty. (Simple)

 

22. Read the text and change the sentences as direct:

(a) It was 1971 when Bangladesh achieved independence. (Simple)

(b) It is the most significant event in the history of Bangladesh. (Comparative)

(c) Our freedom fighters sacrificed their lives for the independence of Bangladesh. (Complex)

(d) It was a great struggle for them. (Exclamatory)

(e) We shall always remember them with pride. (Compound)

 

23. Read the text and change the sentences as directed:

No person can be happy without friends.

So, (a) everybody wants friends. (Make it Negative without changing the meaning)

(b) The heart is formed for love and cannot be happy without the opportunity of giving and receiving love. (Complex)

(c) But you cannot find others to love you unless you love them. (Simple)

(d) You cannot be happy without it. (Make it Interrogative without changing the meaning)

So, (e) as love is divine, everybody wants to love. (Compound)

 

24. Read the following passage and change the sentences as directed in brackets. 

(a) Mobile phone is one of the greatest inventions (positive).

(b) Scientists believe that mobile phones cause brain tumour (compound).

(c) Millions of people are getting benefits from mobile phones, but most are unaware of the danger of it (complex).

(d) The consumers of mobile phones are increasing day by day (Interrogative).

(e) But the children are affected much by mobile phones (active).

 

25. Read the text and transform the sentences as directed: 

Dowry is a curse for our society. It darkens the lives of many women.

(a) Dowry hampers the peace of the society (Make it passive).

(b) The brutal condition of the dark age must be stopped soon (Make it active).

(c) This is one of the major problems of Bangladesh (Make it positive).

(d) The dowry seekers are very greedy and demand money from bride's father (Make it simple).

(e) What an unworthy crime the dowry is! (Make it Assertive).

 

26. Go through the following sentences and change them as directed: 

(a) An honest man is honoured everywhere by all. (Active)

(b) He is not only a teacher but also a singer. (Simple) 

(c) Though we are improving very fast, we have to work hard for the country. (Compound)

(d) Very few cricket teams in the world are as unpredictable as Pakistan. (Superlative)

(e) My friend came to me to get help from us. (Complex)

 

27. Transform the sentences as per direction:

(a) "Beautiful! Isn't she?" Tanvir whispered. (Make it assertive).

(b) Tania nodded in agreement, but she was extremely nervous. (Make it complex)

(c) The tigress was now quite close to them. (Make it interrogative) Tania's heart was pounding, but Tanvir seemed oblivious to any danger.

(d) He got closer to the animal and pressed the shutter button with a boyish grin in the face. (Make it simple)

(e) And it suddenly occurred to Tania that her husband was the strongest man she had ever met. (Use the positive degree of the adjective)

 

28. Read the text and change the sentences as directed:

(a) Very few insects are as busy as a bee. (Comparative)

(b) It is known as an industrious creature. (Active)

(c) It flies from flower to flower and collects honey. (Simple)

(d) It stores honey in the hive. (Passive)

(e) In winter, it remains idle, but it works hard in spring. (Complex) It leads a disciplined life.

 

29. Read the text and change the sentences as directed:

(a) Some essential agricultural inputs are to be ensured to increase our food production. (Make it active)

(b) The farmers who are poor do not get loans on easy terms. (Make it simple)

(c) What a pity! (Make it Assertive)

(d) The farmers do not get the facilities necessary for food production. (Make it complex)

(e) Unfortunately, they do not get the due price of their products. (Make it compound)

 

30. Read the text and change the sentences as directed: 

We are very much proud of our freedom fighters.

(a) They fought for the country with a patriotic zeal. (Make it compound)

(b) They are the most courageous sons of our nation. (Make it positive)

(c) Everybody admires and respects them greatly. (Make it passive)

(d) Nobody denies their contribution to their motherland. (Make it interrogative without changing meaning)

(e) They will never be forgotten by their countrymen to the end. (Make it affirmative)

 

31. Read the text and change the sentences as directed:

(a) Most of the people of our country are living in the rural areas. (Make it interrogative without the change of meaning)

(b) They are peace loving. (Make it complex). 

(c) They are more patriotic and industrious. (Make it positive)

(d) They love their motherland profoundly. (Make it passive)

(e) Although they are insolvent, they do not adopt any unfair means to become rich overnight. (Make it simple)

 

32. Read the text and change the sentences as directed:

(a) Pohela Baishakh is undoubtedly the most celebrated festival in Bangladesh. (Complex)

(b) It is the first day of the Bengali year when the city roads get so jam packed. (Simple).

(c) Almost everyone enjoys the day in his own way. (Passive)

(d) Although I do not like gathering, I enjoy the activities of this day. (Compound)

(e) It is one of the most interesting days of the year. (Positive)

 

33. Red the text and change the sentences as directed: 

(a) The Chinese put a lot of emphasis on the unity (Make it passive).

(b) The parks are crowded (negative without changing meaning)

(c) There are lots of clean parks in the cities (Compound).

(d) In the evening, many families wch television and spend their free time (Simple).

(e) Life becomes dull without recreation (Complex).

 

34. Read the following passage and change the sentences as directed:

(a) Once, Taimur attacked the province of a powerful prince. (Make it passive)

(b) He entered the kingdom of the prince and captured a large village. (Make it Simple)

(c) As soon as the prince heard the news, he came with a large army. (Make it negative).

(d) The village was surrounded on all sides. (Make it active)

(e) Taimur disguised himself as a poor traveller to survive. (Make it Complex)

 

35. Change the sentences as directed: 

(a) English is more used than any other language. (Positive)

(b) Organizations frequently need employees who have a good command of English. (Simple)

(c) An English knowing man can earn better salary. (Passive)

(d) English is spoken all over the world (Active)

(e) We should learn English to make a room for us in the competitive world (Complex).