HSC Modifiers

Read the following text and use modifiers as directed in the blank spaces.

1. Read the following text and use modifiers as directed in the blank spaces. 0.5 ´ 10 = 5

Deforestation means cutting down of trees (a) ¾¾ (post-modify the verb). To meet up the basic needs of food and housing, trees are being cut in large scale and thus it causes (b) ¾¾ (pre-modify the noun) imbalance. Besides, there are some dishonest people who cut trees in our forest (c) ¾¾ (use an infinitive phrase to post-modify the verb). The (d) ¾¾ (use a noun adjective to pre-modify the noun) level is rising and many parts of the world are going to be engulfed by the sea in near future. New areas of the world are (e) ¾¾ (use a participle to pre-modify the verb) turned into desert as a result of deforestation. So, we must stop (f) ¾¾ (use a participle to post-modify the verb) down trees unnecessarily. (g) ¾¾ (use a participle to pre-modify the noun) trees indiscriminately will be hazardous for our future existence. If we destroy trees (h) ¾¾ (use an adverbial phrase to postmodify the verb) one day the country will turn into a great desert. The (i) ¾¾ (use a participle to premodify the noun) temperature will cause greenhouse effect. Necessary measures should be taken (j) ¾¾ (use an infinitive phrase to post-modify the verb).

2. Read the following text and use modifiers as directed in the blank spaces. 0.5 ´ 10 = 5

Ayesha Begum has three sons and two daughters. Her husband was a (a) ¾¾ (pre-modify the noun) farmer who used (b) ¾¾ (post-modify the verb by using infinitive) on other people's land. With great effort they married (c) ¾¾ (use a pronoun) daughters off by the time they reached teenage. The sons also started (d) ¾¾ (use present participle to modify the verb) with their father as (e) ¾¾ (pre-modify the noun) labourers when they were old enough to help. By the time they were seventeen, they left for towns (f) ¾¾ (use infinitive to post-modify the verb) money. At first they used to send money to their parents (g) ¾¾, (use an adverb to post modify the verb) but after getting married they barely had enough to support their (h) ¾¾ (pre-modify the noun) families. Out of desperation, Ayesha Begum started (i) ¾¾ (post-modify the verb) in the village to feed her old, (j) ¾¾ (pre-modify the noun) husband and herself.

3. Read the following text and use modifiers as directed in the blank spaces. 0.5 ´ 10 = 5

A village doctor is a very (a) ¾¾ (pre-modify the noun) person in the rural areas of Bangladesh. He is (b) ¾¾ (pre-modify the verb) known as quack. A village doctor is not a (c) ¾¾ (pre-modify the noun) doctor. He usually sits in a small dispensary (d) ¾¾ (post modify the verb). He treats the patients (e) ¾¾ (use a participle phrase to post-modify the verb). A village doctor is not a (f) ¾¾ (pre-modify the noun) man. His chamber is (g) ¾¾ (pre-modify the verb) furnished. He cannot supply costly medicine to (h) ¾¾ (pre-modify the noun) patients. In our country, the number of qualified doctors is (i) ¾¾ (use an intensifier to pre-modify the adjective) few. So, a village doctor is a great friend to the (j) ¾¾ (pre-modify the noun) villagers.

4. Read the following text and use modifiers as directed in the blank spaces. 0.5 ´ 10 = 5

A balanced diet is a good mixture of (a) —— (pre-modify the noun) foods. It is essential for us (b) —— (post-modify the adjective with an infinitive) a healthy life. There are many benefits of eating a (c) — — (pre-modify the noun) diet because it prevents (d) —— (use determiner to pre-modify the noun) diseases. As a result, we do not get sick (e) —— (post-modify the verb with an adverb). We should select (f) —— (pre-modify the noun with possessive) diet according to our needs. We should not eat the (g) —— (use adjective to pre-modify the noun) foods for the whole week. We can keep fit (h) ¾¾ (use a participle) a balanced diet. But it is not easy (i) ¾¾ (post-modify the adjective with an infinitive) a balanced diet. Here (j) —— (use a determiner) nutritionist can help us.

5. Read the following text and use modifiers as directed in the blank spaces. 0.5 ´ 10 = 5

The people of Bangladesh have expressed their shock (a) ¾¾ (post-modify the verb) at the reaction of the Pakistan Parliament. Pakistan strongly protested the execution of two (b) ¾¾ (pre-modify the noun) collaborators who committed crimes against humanity on their own people in 1971. There is a demand for apology from (c) ¾¾ (use a noun adjective to pre-modify the noun) government for the crimes of its army during the liberation war of Bangladesh. Recently Pakistan's National Assembly may be within its rights (d) ¾¾ (use an infinitive phrase to post-modify the verb) for the execution of two collaborators. But it is quite clear to us that Pakistan always tries to erase its past history. To erase (e) ¾¾ (use a demonstrative to pre-modify the noun) history is not easy because history continues to follow all of us. Pakistan, (f) ¾¾ (post-modify the noun with an appositive), cannot come out of its military influence. As a result, the country has become (g) ¾¾ (use an intensifier to pre-modify the adjective) barbarous. So, Pakistan is going down (h) ¾¾ (use an adverb to postmodify the verb). The founder of Pakistan Mr. Jinnah was physically (i) ¾¾ (use an intensifier to pre-modify the adjective) weak and so, the state always tried to show its physical strength since (j) ¾¾ (use a possessive to pre-modify the noun) birth.

6. Read the following text and use modifiers as directed in the blank spaces. 0.5 ´ 10 = 5

Kazi Nazrul Islam is called the Shelley of Bengali literature. He was a (a) ¾¾ (pre-modify the noun) poet. He wrote (b) ¾¾ (post-modify the verb) in every branch of Bengali Literature. Nazrul, (c) ¾¾ (use an appositive), won the attention of everyone in his early childhood. He wrote ceaselessly until the death of (d) ¾¾ (use possessive pronoun) poetic flair. He composed his songs (e) ¾¾ (use an infinitive phrase to post-modify the verb). His songs are (f) ¾¾ (use an intensifier to pre-modify the adjective) melodious. He enriched the Bengali literature (g) ¾¾ (use an adverb to pre-modify the verb). His literary works have enriched (h) ¾¾ (use a noun adjective) literature. He was (i) ¾¾ (use an article) secular poet. He sang the songs of equality (j) ¾¾ (use an adverbial phrase).

7. Read the following text and use modifiers as directed in the blank spaces. 0.5 ´ 10 = 5

Raja, (a) ¾¾ (post-modify the noun with an appositive), is known to his classmates as a good student. He has (b) ¾¾ (use a quantifier to pre-modify the noun) good qualities. He knows that the (c) ¾¾ (use an adjective to pre-modify the noun) duty of a student is to study and he never neglects (d) ¾¾ (use a demonstrative to pre-modify the noun) duty. He prepares (e) ¾¾ (use possessive to pre-modify the noun) lessons regularly. He maintains discipline. He knows the value of time. He gets up (f) ¾¾ (post-modify the verb with an adverb) so that he can get enough time to study. He goes to school (g) ¾¾ (post-modify the verb with an adverb). He never wastes a (h) ¾¾ (use determiner to pre-modify the noun) moment in vain. Raja is (i) ¾¾ (pre-modify the adjective with an intensifier) gentle. He always obeys his parents and teachers. He never mixes with (j) ¾¾ (pre-modify the noun) boys. A student like Raja is a great asset of a nation.

8. Read the following text and use modifiers as directed in the blank spaces. 0.5 ´ 10 = 5

Sabbir is (a) ¾¾ (use determiner to pre-modify the noun phrase) ideal student. He prepares (b) ¾¾ (use possessive to pre-modify the noun) lessons in collaboration with his teachers. He does (c) ¾¾ (post-modify the verb) in every examination as he does not waste time. He knows time once lost is lost forever. So, he utilizes every moment. During his free time, he goes to his native village. He teaches (d) ¾¾ (pre-modify the noun) people. He wants (e) ¾¾ (use an infinitive phrase to postmodify the verb) illiteracy from his village. (f) ¾¾ (use present participle to pre-modify the verb) illiteracy from his village, he wants to bring about massive development there. He is (g) ¾¾ (use an intensifier to pre-modify the adjective) devoted to God. He says prayer (h) ¾¾ (use quantifier to premodify the noun) times a day. He never tells a lie. He respects his parents very much. Other superiors are also respected by him. His father, (i) ¾¾ (post-modify the noun phrase with an appositive) supports him cordially. His mother, an ideal housewife, (j) ¾¾ (pre-modify the verb) supports him very much. Such a student like Sabbir is rarely found nowadays.

9. Read the following text and use modifiers as directed in the blank spaces. 0.5 ´ 10 = 5

Television has become the most common and (a) ¾¾ (pre-modify the noun) source of entertainment of the (b) ¾¾ (pre-modify the noun) world. A wide range of programs of (c) ¾¾ (pre-modify the adjective) interest is telecast on (d) ¾¾ (use quantifier to pre-modify the noun) channels. Almost every middle class and even working-class families have a television set today. (e) ¾¾ (use a nounadjective to pre-modify the noun) programs are (f) ¾¾ (pre-modify the adjective) entertaining. They can be (g) ¾¾ (pre-modify the adjective) educative too. Courses (h) ¾¾ (post modify the noun) by the Open University are shown on BTV. (i) ¾¾ (pre-modify the noun) channels like the Discovery Channel and the National Geographic Channel telecast highly informative programs. However, watching TV has become (j) ¾¾ (use an article) addiction for many.

10. Read the following text and use modifiers as directed in the blank spaces. 0.5 ´ 10 = 5

Kazi Nazrul Islam is called the Shelley of Bengali Literature. He was a (a) ¾¾ (pre-modify the noun) poet. He wrote (b) ¾¾ (post-modify the verb) in every branch of Bengali Literature. Nazrul, (c) ¾¾ (use an appositive), won the attention of everyone in his early childhood. He wrote ceaselessly until the death of (d) ¾¾ (use possessive pronoun) poetic flair. He composed his songs (e) ¾¾ (use an infinitive phrase to post-modify the verb). His songs are (f) ¾¾ (use an intensifier to pre-modify the adjective) melodious. He enriched the Bengali Literature (g) ¾¾ (use an adverb to pre-modify the verb). His literary works have enriched (h) ¾¾ (use a noun adjective) literature. He was (i) ¾¾ (use an article) secular poet. He sang the songs of equality (j) ¾¾ (use an adverbial phrase).

11. Read the following text and use modifiers as directed in the blank spaces: 0.5 ´ 10 = 5

Arsenic is a (a) ¾¾ (pre-modify the noun) substance. It is (b) ¾¾ (use an intensifier to pre-modify the adjective) dangerous for human health. (c) ¾¾ (use a demonstrative to pre-modify the noun) substance is found in the water of the tubewell. There are (d) ¾¾ (use quantifier to pre-modify the noun) villages in (e) ¾¾ (use possessive to pre-modify the noun) country. Most of our (f) ¾¾ (use a noun adjective to pre-modify the noun) people drink tubewell water. As a result, many of them are suffering from arsenic problem. This problem is (g) ¾¾ (pre-modify the verb) found in North Bengal. We should take proper measures (h) ¾¾ (post-modify the verb with an infinitive phrase). Government is trying to mark the tubewells having arsenic (i) ¾¾ (use a participle to post-modify the verb) red colour. People should be refrained from drinking water of (j) ¾¾ (use demonstrative to pre-modify the noun) tubewells. Otherwise, they will suffer from arsenicosis.

12. Read the following text and use modifiers as directed in the blank spaces. 0.5 ´ 10 = 5

Taking food is essential. We take food (a) ¾¾ (use an infinitive phrase to post-modify the verb). We cannot survive on earth if we do not take food. In fact (b) ¾¾ (use a quantifier to pre-modify the noun phrase) living beings need to take food. But it is a matter of great regret that (c) ¾¾ (use possessive to pre-modify the noun) food is being adulterated. (d) ¾¾ (use a noun-adjective to pre-modify the noun) adulteration is increasing (e) ¾¾ (use an intensifier to pre-modify the adverb) alarmingly that we cannot stop it. (f) ¾¾ (use a determiner to pre-modify the noun phrase) dishonest businessmen use (g) ¾¾ (pre-modify the noun) chemicals in food and fruits to make illegal and quick money. But they do not think about (h) ¾¾ (use a possessive to pre-modify the noun) health. (i) ¾¾ (use present participle) adulterated food, people get sick. They are often attacked with different fatal diseases. So (j) ¾¾ (use a gerund) food safety is a must today.

13. Read the following text and use modifiers as directed in the blank spaces. 0.5 ´ 10 = 5

Air and water are the most (a) ¾¾ (pre-modify the noun with an adjective) elements of the environment. But we are polluting them (b) ¾¾ (post-modify the verb with an adverb). Mills and factories use fuel (c) ¾¾ (post-modify the verb with an infinitive) their products. The burning of this fuel creates smoke (d) ¾¾ (post-modify the verb with an adverbial). Motor vehicles also pollute the air, (e) ¾¾ (use an appositive). Water is polluted by (f) ¾¾ (pre-modify the noun with a quantifier) kinds of waste and filth. We also contaminate water (g) ¾¾ (post-modify the verb with present participle phrase) into it. Farmers use (h) ¾¾ (pre-modify the noun with an adjective) fertilizers and insecticides and pollute water. (i) ¾¾ (pre-modify the noun with a past participle) water is (j) ¾¾ (pre-modify the adjective with an intensifier) harmful to health.

14. Read the following text and use modifiers as directed in the blank spaces. 0.5 ´

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