Compound to Simple

A compound sentence has two clauses connected by AND, BUT & OR. To make a compound sentence simple, we just turn one clause into a phrase. 

1. BUT

But as a coordinating conjunction is used to suggest a contrast. To make such sentences simple, we turn the first clause into a noun phrase as the object of In spite of or despite.

Compound: She is poor but honest. 

Simple: In spite of her poverty, she is honest.


Compound: The stick was thin but it was strong. 

Simple: In spite of being thin, the stick was strong. 


1. Transform the following compound sentences into simple. 

(a) He also tried his best to make them accept the truth but both clung to their claims. (Simple)

(b) Bangladesh is a small country but has a huge population. (simple)

(c) A day labourer is a poor man but he plays an important role in our society. (Simple)

(d) A truthful person may lead a poor life but is honored everywhere. (simple)


2. OR

When the conjunction OR is used to say what will happen if someone does not do something, the first clause is turned into a phrase with the help of In case of your failure to + verb, or Without + Gerund.


Compound: Move or you will die. 

Simple: In case of your failure to move, you will die. 


Compound: Work hard or you cannot expect anything good. 

Simple: Without working hard, you cannot expect anything good.


2. Transform the following compound sentences into simple. 

(a) Tell the truth or I will punish you. 

(b) Walk fast or you will miss the bus.

(c) Do or die. 


3. AND

If the conjunction and is used to suggest that one action follows another in the chronological order, we turn the first clause into a phrase.

Compound: They stopped throwing stones and went away. 

Simple: Stopped throwing stones, they went away. 


Compound: The boy took a jar and went to the well alone. 

Simple: Taking a jar, the boy went to the well alone. 


3. Transform the following compound sentences into simple. 

(a) They hide themselves and coo from the high branches.

(b) He went to Europe and started composing poems.

(c) He was a free will agent and choose to do careful work. 

(d) The ant rushed to the stream and began to drink. 

(e) I got on board and found my seat.


4. AND

When one clause is the time of another, we turn the first clause into an adverbial phrase of time.

Compound: The night passed by and the morning came. 

Simple: The morning came after the night. 


Compound: It was twenty years ago and I was living in Paris.

Simple: Twenty years ago, I was living in Paris.


4. Transform the following compound sentences into simple. 

(a) It was summer and our school was closed. 

(b) The sun set and we returned home.