KINDS OF CLAUSES

A clause is a sentence within a sentence. Sub-ordinate or dependent clauses are of three types: noun clause, adjective clause, and adverbial clause. In this exercise, we will try and learn to identify the clauses. 

1. Find out and underline the noun clauses in the following sentences:

(a) When he will leave the country is unknown. 

(b) The news that he is dead is false. 

(c) When he will come is uncertain.

(d) I forgot who told me this.

(e) We know where he lives. 

(f) Everything depends on how he behaves. 

(g) Nobody knows what caused the accident. 

(h) I told him what he wanted to know. 

(i) The truth is that he is very shy.

(j) I know where he was born.

2. Find out and underline the adjective clauses in the following sentences:

(a) The boy who came here yesterday is my friend.  

(b) He is the man who is very rich. 

(c) I ate the mangoes which you gave me.

(d) The porter who was a young bachelor lived in the city of Bagdad. 

(e) Do you know the boy who came yesterday?

(f) This is the house that I want to buy. 

(g) We want such men as are honest. 

(h) The shirt that was bought was costly. 

(i) The writer took the cabin which belonged to the orphanage. 

(j) Jerry, who was an honest boy, could not take the money. 


3. Find out and underline the adverb clauses in the following sentences.

(a) Wait here until I come back.

(b) If you want, I shall help you.

(c) He could not attend the party because he was busy. 

(d) He reads more so that he can make a good result. 

(e) Tell us how you escaped.

(f) I dislike him because he is lazy. 

(g) Stay where you are.

(h) Work hard lest you should fail.

(i) Do the work as I show you.

(j) You can park your car wherever you like.


4. Find out and underline the subordinate clause and say whether it is noun clause, adjective clause, or adverb clause.

(a) Keep it wherever you like.      

(b) Lord knew what they cost.

(c) Do you know the man who stood at the door? 

(d) The information that he was arrested was false. 

(e) A man who has died needs no riches.

(f) Please listen to what the teacher says.

(g) As soon as the teacher entered the classroom, the students stood up. 

(h) The book that was published last year has been revised.  

(i) If it rains, I shall not go out.

(j) Pay attention to what I say. 


5. Find out and underline the subordinate clause and say whether it is noun clauseadjective clause, or adverb clause.

(a) A man who is drowning catches at a straw.  

(b) We eat so that we may live. 

(c) Why he has resigned the job is not clear. 

(d) This is the pen which you want.     

(e) I have no money that I can send you.

(f) The woman who is reported is a spy.

(g) I was there when it was autumn.

(h) What he told me is not true.

(i) The boy who is industrious is sure to pass. 

(j) This is why I came out early. 


6. Find out and underline the subordinate clause and say whether it is noun clauseadjective clause, or adverb clause.

(a) Lord knew what they cost. 

(b) The fact is that you have ruined your palate.

(c) They agreed to what we proposed. 

(d) I am sure that he will succeed.

(e) How he left the country is unknown.

(f) If you take exercise regularly, you can be healthy. 

(g) He lived in a cottage which is small. 

(h) We could not go out because it was raining. 

(i) This is exactly what I wanted. 

(j) Nobody knows what caused the accident. 


7. Find out and underline the subordinate clause and say whether it is noun clauseadjective clause, or adverb clause.

(a) Where there is life, there is hope.

(b) He has a house whose colour is white.

(c) He died at the village where he was born.

(d) The rumour that he stood first came true. 

(e) He is older than he looks.

(f) What he did was praiseworthy.

(g) I know the boy who has done the work.

(h) The patient had died before the doctor came. 

(i) Who has done this is a fool.

(j) The house in which we live is small.


8. Find out and underline the subordinate clause and say whether it is noun clauseadjective clause, or adverb clause.

(a) Though he is rich, he is honest.

(b) You can give me what I want.

(c) The lady who ate many items was greedy. 

(d) She cannot cook as her mother does. 

(e) This is what he said.

(f) I know the reason why he kept silent.

(g) There is no man but wishes to be happy. 

(h) He is so weak that he cannot walk. 

(i) You failed for you were not sincere. 

(j) Tell me what you want.